Ingrid Strömberg

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In the unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease, controversy exists concerning the use of apomorphine- or D-amphetamine-induced rotations as reliable indicators of nigrostriatal dopamine depletion. Our objective was to evaluate which, if either, drug-induced behavior is more predictive of the extent of nigrostriatal(More)
The potential role of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) as a trophic molecule for midbrain dopamine neurons was examined using two different approaches: in situ hybridization and intraocular transplantation. The presence of mRNA for GDNF was noted in striatal and ventral limbic dopaminergic target areas in the developing (E20-P7) rat, but(More)
l-glutamate (Glu) is the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system (CNS) and is associated with motor behavior and sensory perception. While microdialysis methods have been used to record tonic levels of Glu, little is known about the more rapid changes in Glu signals that may be observed in awake rats. We have reported acute recording(More)
During the past two decades several revisions of the concepts underlying interneuronal communication in the central nervous system have been advanced. We propose here to classify communicational phenomena between cells of the central neural tissue under two general frames: "wiring" and "volume" transmission. "Wiring" transmission is defined as intercellular(More)
The nicotinic cholinergic antagonist alpha-bungarotoxin (alpha-BT) binds throughout the rat hippocampal formation. The binding is displaceable by d-tubocurarine. The most heavily labeled cells are GABA-containing interneurons in the dentate and in Ammon's horn. These neurons have several different morphologies and contain several neuropeptides.(More)
The presence of nerve growth factor (NGF) mRNA and protein in the rat central nervous system is documented. Blot-hybridization analysis showed an abundance of NGF mRNA in the hippocampus, cerebral cortex, and olfactory bulb. Enzyme immunoassay confirmed significant levels of a NGF-like protein in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Bioassay of a NGF-like(More)
Astrocytic responses to dopaminergic denervation by two widely used dopamine neurotoxins, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) were monitored using immunofluorescence with antibodies against glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFA) while neurofilament (NF) antibodies were used to monitor neuronal disturbances.(More)
It has been shown that striatal adenosine A2A receptors can antagonistically interact with dopamine D2 receptors at the membrane level leading to a decrease in the affinity and efficacy of D2 receptors. Extracellular recordings and rotational behaviour were employed to obtain a correlate to these findings in an animal model of Parkinson's disease (PD). The(More)
Neuroinflammation plays a critical role in loss of dopamine neurons during brain injury and in neurodegenerative diseases. Diets enriched in foods with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions may modulate this neuroinflammation. The model of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) injected into the dorsal striatum of normal rats, causes a progressive loss of dopamine(More)
Glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a distant member of the transforming growth factor-β family and has potent neurotrophic effects on several classes of neurons including dopamine neurons and motoneurons. Here, we have used in situ hybridization to describe the development of the cellular expression of GDNF mRNA pre- and postnatally.(More)