Ingrid Spadinger

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Low dose rate prostate brachytherapy involves the permanent implant of radioactive sources into the prostate region using needles. We present a four-degree-of-freedom robot for prostate brachytherapy. The robot can translate a needle guide in the X-Y plane allowing for precise needle insertion along the Z direction. It can also rotate the guide about the X(More)
In this paper we report and characterize a semi-automatic prostate segmentation method for prostate brachytherapy. Based on anatomical evidence and requirements of the treatment procedure, a warped and tapered ellipsoid was found suitable as the a-priori 3D shape of the prostate. By transforming the acquired endorectal transverse images of the prostate into(More)
Prostate segmentation from trans-rectal transverse B-mode ultrasound images is required for radiation treatment of prostate cancer. Manual segmentation is a time-consuming task, the results of which are dependent on image quality and physicians' experience. This paper introduces a semi-automatic 3D method based on super-ellipsoidal shapes. It produces a 3D(More)
Delineation of the prostate from transrectal ultrasound images is a necessary step in several computer-assisted clinical interventions, such as low dose rate brachytherapy. Current approaches to user segmentation require user intervention and therefore it is subject to user errors. It is desirable to have a fully automatic segmentation for improved(More)
A common challenge when performing surface-based registration of images is ensuring that the surfaces accurately represent consistent anatomical boundaries. Image segmentation may be difficult in some regions due to either poor contrast, low slice resolution, or tissue ambiguities. To address this, we present a novel non-rigid surface registration method(More)
The problem of accurate dose accumulation in fractionated radiotherapy treatment for highly deformable organs, such as bladder, has garnered increasing interest over the past few years. However, more research is required in order to find a robust and efficient solution and to increase the accuracy over the current methods. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Automated image cytometry techniques were used to measure motility and morphology in 3T3 fibroblasts exposed to extremely-low-frequency (ELF) magnetic fields. Cell motility and morphology were measured as a function of time before, during, and after 3-4 hour exposures to vertically oriented, 100 microTRMS sinusoidal magnetic fields at various frequencies in(More)
Low-dose-rate brachytherapy is a radiation treatment method for localized prostate cancer. The standard of care for this treatment procedure is to acquire transrectal ultrasound images of the prostate in order to devise a plan to deliver sufficient radiation dose to the cancerous tissue. Brachytherapy planning involves delineation of contours in these(More)