Ingrid Singer

Learn More
Evidence exists that well-planned vegetarian diets provide numerous health benefits and are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle. It is also known that animal foods provide micronutrients that are nonexistent or available only in limited amounts in plant foods. Restriction or exclusion of all animal foods may therefore result in low intake of(More)
BACKGROUND A vegetarian diet is considered to promote health and longevity and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. However, a vegetarian diet may be deficient in some nutrients. Exclusion of animal products in vegetarian diets may affect the status of certain B-vitamins, and further cause the rise of plasma homocysteine concentration. (More)
Infection with the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been aetiologically linked with the lymphoproliferative disorder mixed cryoglobulinaemia and more recently with certain subgroups of B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Many of the studies which have documented the association with NHL have originated from Italy, where the background prevalence of infection(More)
The physiological basis for the polyuria and polydipsia occurring in some manic-depressive patients treated with lithium salts was studied in vivo and in vitro. Three lithium-treated polyuric patients, in whom other causes of a concentrating defect were excluded, had abnormal urinary concentrating abilities after a standard water depreviation test. Two of(More)
The difficulty that nonnephrologists sometimes have with the differential diagnosis of hyponatremic patients often results from misinterpreting the significance of measured and calculated serum osmolalities, effective serum osmolalities (tonicities), and the influence of various normal (eg, serum urea nitrogen) and abnormal (eg, ethanol) solutes. Among the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The objective of the study was to collect data on dietary fat intake of omnivores, vegetarians, vegans and semi-omnivores as well as its impact on n-3 and n-6 fatty acids in long-term markers such as sphingolipids, phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as well as the calculated sphingo- and(More)
Two insulin-requiring diabetics with isolated hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism cpontaneously developed hyperkalemia that was aggravated whenever blood glucose concentration rose. Acute glucose infusions raised the serum potassium concentration in these patients with combined insulin and aldosterone deficiency but lowered, or did not change, the serum(More)
PURPOSE To review the effects of heparin and heparinoid compounds on aldosterone physiology and associated induction of hyperkalemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A comprehensive literature search (of human and animal data) was carried out by computer and by using reference citations from primary sources. RESULTS Heparin and its congeners are predictable,(More)
Five tables are presented that provide guidelines for drug usage in patients with renal insufficiency. The data are derived from the current medical literature. If specific information about a drug is unavailable, emphasis is given to normal pharmacokinetic variables in arriving at recommendations for therapy. Nephrotoxicity of adverse effects in patients(More)