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The sera of 849 Tanzanian pregnant women were tested at delivery for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies with the Sabin-Feldman dye test (DT) and an immunosorbent agglutination assay. A total of 296 (35%) of these women had DT titers greater than 1:4. The percentage of women with dye test titers greater than 1:4 was 34-37% regardless of the individual ages. The(More)
Sera of 50 patients with either cystic (CE) or alveolar echinococcosis (AE) in different clinical stages were examined for the presence of anti-Echinococcus-antibodies. Antibody-screening was performed with ELISA, IHA and IFAT, and confirmatory testing was done by the commercialized E. multilocularis-specific Em2plus-ELISA versus an in-house E.(More)
BACKGROUND Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), a parasitic disease which represents a public health problem, particularly in Central and South America, has become a leading condition in travelers who return from tropical countries with skin disorders. Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, the most common causative agent, requires(More)
Reactivation of chronic toxoplasmosis resulting in Toxoplasma encephalitis (TE) is a common event in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Conversion from Toxoplasma gondii bradyzoites to tachyzoites is a prerequisite for reactivation. Until recently, the study of stage conversion in human tissue was not possible due to the lack of antibodies(More)
The process of reactivation of latent infection with Toxoplasma gondii in immunosuppressed hosts is yet not fully understood. In the past, a number of murine models of reactivation in immunocompromised mice have been described using sulfadiazine to establish latent infection before withdrawal and subsequent reactivation. We studied the process of(More)
The posttranslational modifications of alpha-tubulin of Toxoplasma gondii were characterized by antibodies and biochemical analysis of the carboxy-terminal peptide. Alpha-Tubulin is acetylated and glutamylated. Side chains with up to three glutamate residues are linked to Glu445 of T. gondii alpha-tubulin. The data suggest that the site of glutamylation on(More)
Formation of Toxoplasma gondii cysts was examined in cultured murine brain cells and was compared with the development of cysts in mouse-brain tissue. Cultures of mixed glial cells from neonatal mouse brain were infected with bradyzoites of the avirulent T. gondii strain DX. The development and maturation of Toxoplasma cysts was monitored for up to 63 days(More)
The dye test for the detection of Toxoplasma-specific antibodies was first described by Sabin and Feldman 50 years ago. The test is highly specific and sensitive and considerable information is available on the development and persistence of dye test antibodies after primary Toxoplasma infection. However, the test uses live Toxoplasma gondii and is now only(More)
BACKGROUND Hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease of worldwide distribution caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of human and canine echinococcosis as well as the associated risk factors in a rural area of the Limarí province in northern Chile. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A cross-sectional study was conducted(More)