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—Advances in low-power and low-cost sensor networks have led to solutions mature enough for use in a broad range of applications varying from health monitoring to building surveillance. The development of those applications has been stimulated by the finalization of the IEEE 802.15.4 standard, which defines the medium access control (MAC) and physical layer(More)
—The IEEE 802.15.4 standard is designed as a low power and low data rate protocol offering high reliability. It defines a beaconed and unbeaconed version. In this work, we analyze the maximum throughput and minimum delay of the unbeaconed or unslotted version of the protocol. First, the most important features are described. Then the exact formula for the(More)
The increasing use of wireless networks and the constant miniaturization of electrical devices has empowered the development of Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs). In these networks various sensors are attached on clothing or on the body or even implanted under the skin. The wireless nature of the network and the wide variety of sensors offer numerous new,(More)
— Thanks to recent advances in wireless technology, a broad range of standards are currently emerging. Interoperabil-ity and coexistence between these heterogeneous networks are becoming key issues, which require new adaptation strategies to avoid harmful interference. In this paper, we focus on the coexistence of 802.11 Wireless LAN and 802.15.4 sensor(More)
Wireless body area networks (WBANs) offer many promising new applications in the area of remote health monitoring. An important element in the development of a WBAN is the characterization of the physical layer of the network, including an estimation of the delay spread and the path loss between two nodes on the body. This paper discusses the propagation(More)
—Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) form a new and interesting area in the world of remote health monitoring. An important concern in such networks is the communication between the sensors. This communication needs to be energy efficient and highly reliable while keeping delays low. Mobility also has to be supported as the nodes are positioned on different(More)
Recent advances in microelectronics and integrated circuits, system-on-chip design, wireless communication and intelligent low-power sensors have allowed the realization of a Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). A WBAN is a collection of low-power, miniaturized, invasive/non-invasive lightweight wireless sensor nodes that monitor the human body functions and(More)
— Wireless body area networks (WBANs) have gained a lot of interest in the world of medical monitoring. Current implementations generally use a large single hop network to connect all sensors to a personal server. However recent research pointed out that multihop networks are more energy-efficient and even necessary when applied near the human body with(More)
In this paper, the W-iLab.t wireless testbed is presented. The testbed consists of nearly 200 sensor nodes and an equal amount of WiFi nodes, which are installed across three floors of an office building. The testbed supports wireless sensor experiments, WiFi based mesh and ad hoc experiments, and mixed sensor/WiFi experiments. It is explained how changes(More)
More and more devices are becoming wirelessly connected. Many of these devices are operating in crowded unlicensed bands, where different wireless technologies compete for the same spectrum. A typical example is the unlicensed ISM band at 2.4 GHz, which is used by IEEE 802.11bgn, IEEE 802.15.4, and IEEE 802.15.1, among others. Each of these technologies(More)