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—Advances in low-power and low-cost sensor networks have led to solutions mature enough for use in a broad range of applications varying from health monitoring to building surveillance. The development of those applications has been stimulated by the finalization of the IEEE 802.15.4 standard, which defines the medium access control (MAC) and physical layer(More)
—The IEEE 802.15.4 standard is designed as a low power and low data rate protocol offering high reliability. It defines a beaconed and unbeaconed version. In this work, we analyze the maximum throughput and minimum delay of the unbeaconed or unslotted version of the protocol. First, the most important features are described. Then the exact formula for the(More)
— Thanks to recent advances in wireless technology, a broad range of standards are currently emerging. Interoperabil-ity and coexistence between these heterogeneous networks are becoming key issues, which require new adaptation strategies to avoid harmful interference. In this paper, we focus on the coexistence of 802.11 Wireless LAN and 802.15.4 sensor(More)
The increasing use of wireless networks and the constant miniaturization of electrical devices has empowered the development of Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs). In these networks various sensors are attached on clothing or on the body or even implanted under the skin. The wireless nature of the network and the wide variety of sensors offer numerous new,(More)
Wireless body area networks (WBANs) offer many promising new applications in the area of remote health monitoring. An important element in the development of a WBAN is the characterization of the physical layer of the network, including an estimation of the delay spread and the path loss between two nodes on the body. This paper discusses the propagation(More)
Recent advances in microelectronics and integrated circuits, system-on-chip design, wireless communication and intelligent low-power sensors have allowed the realization of a Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). A WBAN is a collection of low-power, miniaturized, invasive/non-invasive lightweight wireless sensor nodes that monitor the human body functions and(More)
IEEE 802.15.4 is a standard for the medium access control (MAC) and physical layer protocols of wireless networks. This paper provides one of the first analytical evaluations of its MAC protocol for the slotted channel access mechanism in a star topology network. The form of the analysis is similar to that of Bianchi for IEEE 802.11 DCF. The key difference(More)
—Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) form a new and interesting area in the world of remote health monitoring. An important concern in such networks is the communication between the sensors. This communication needs to be energy efficient and highly reliable while keeping delays low. Mobility also has to be supported as the nodes are positioned on different(More)
We demonstrate a monolithic photonic integration platform that leverages the existing state-of-the-art CMOS foundry infrastructure. In our approach, proven XeF 2 post-processing technology and compliance with electronic foundry process flows eliminate the need for specialized substrates or wafer bonding. This approach enables intimate integration of large(More)
—This paper focuses on the energy efficiency of communication in small-scale sensor networks experiencing high path loss. In particular, a sensor network on the human body or BASN is considered. The energy consumption or network lifetime of a single-hop network and a multi-hop network are compared. We derive a propagation model and a radio model for(More)