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BACKGROUND Little is known about eating behaviour and meal pattern subsequent to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), knowledge important for the nutritional care process. The objective of the study was to obtain basic information of how meal size, eating rate, meal frequency and eating behaviour change upon the RYGB surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Voluntary(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate efficacy and tolerability of the lipase inhibitor Orlistat (Ro 18-0647) in doses of 10, 60 and 120 mg three times a day in addition to a mild hypocaloric diet containing 30% of calories as fat. DESIGN 4 week single-blind placebo run-in period of diet alone followed by a 12 week double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized treatment(More)
INTRODUCTION The food-marking symbol the 'Green Keyhole' has been in use since 1989 in Sweden, to make it easier for consumers to select low-fat and high-fibre alternatives. OBJECTIVE To describe knowledge of the Green Keyhole symbol in a general population of both sexes and the association between knowledge and intake of Green Keyhole labelled foods. (More)
INTRODUCTION In 1989 the National Food Administration in Sweden introduced a food-marking symbol called the 'Green Keyhole'. The aim of the campaign is to help consumers make lowfat, high-fibre food choices. OBJECTIVE To describe the knowledge of the Green Keyhole symbol in a general female population, and to examine whether knowledge is associated with(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Alcohol and dietary fat have high energy densities and may therefore be related to body weight and fat deposition. We studied associations between alcohol and macronutrient intake patterns and general and central adiposity. SUBJECTS/METHODS A population-based cross-sectional study of 524 men and 611 women. The participants answered a(More)
OBJECTIVE Accumulation of visceral fat is recognized as a predictor of obesity-related metabolic disturbances. Factors that are predominantly expressed in this depot could mediate the link between visceral obesity and associated diseases. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Paired subcutaneous and omental adipose tissue biopsies were obtained from 10 obese(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with lower vitamin D concentrations than normal-weight. Pregnancy may affect vitamin D status, especially in obese subjects. AIMS The purpose of this study was to compare vitamin D status and intake between obese and normal-weight women during pregnancy. METHODS Twenty-five obese and 80 normal-weight women were recruited(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The main objective was to test the hypothesis that dietary energy density (DED) decreases after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (gastric bypass). SUBJECTS/METHODS A total of 43 patients (31 women and 12 men) aged 43 (s.d. 10) years, with body mass index (BMI) 44.3 kg/m(2) (4.9), were assessed preoperatively at 6 weeks and 1 and 2 years(More)
CONTEXT Cell death-inducing DNA fragmentation factor-alpha-like effector A (CIDEA) could be a potential target for the treatment of obesity via the modulation of metabolic rate, based on the findings that CIDEA inhibits the brown adipose tissue uncoupling process in rodents. OBJECTIVES Our objects were to investigate the putative link between CIDEA and(More)
BACKGROUND Different definitions of the metabolic syndrome are used, and at least one of these does not include indices of glucose intolerance and/or insulin resistance as obligatory components. In this paper, we examine the predictive power of indices having and not having these obligatory components. METHODS A total of 1135 men and women, aged 37-61(More)