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Visual development is thought to be completed at an early age. We suggest that the maturation of the visual brain is not homogeneous: functions with greater need for early availability, such as visuomotor control, mature earlier, and the development of other visual functions may extend well into childhood. We found significant improvement in children(More)
The prevalent view of binocular rivalry holds that it is a competition between the two eyes mediated by reciprocal inhibition among monocular neurons. This view is largely due to the nature of conventional rivalry-inducing stimuli, which are pairs of dissimilar images with coherent patterns within each eye's image. Is it the eye of origin or the coherency(More)
While much is known about the specialized, parallel processing streams of low-level vision that extract primary visual cues, there is only limited knowledge about the dynamic interactions between them. How are the fragments, caught by local analyzers, assembled together to provide us with a unified percept? How are local discontinuities in texture, motion(More)
An unsolved problem of biology is the processing of global shape in natural vision. The known processes of early vision are spatially restricted (or local) operations, and little is known about their interactions in organizing the visual image into functionally coherent (or global) objects. Here we introduce a human psychophysical method which allows us to(More)
Many experiments concerned with the role of color in depth and motion perception have applied isoluminant random-dot stereograms and cinematograms. The poor performance in the absence of luminance contrast has been associated with color-blindness of stereopsis and motion perception (Livingstone, M.S. & Hubel, D.H. (1987) J. Neurosci. 7, 3416-3468).(More)
Recent reports dealing with apparent motion challenged the standard view according to which motion processing should be impossible if the visual attributes matched across space and time are processed in independent channels (the similarity principle). The present work examines this possibility insofar as it relates to the spatiotemporal combination of pure(More)
We present psychological experiments that reveal two motion systems, a specific and an unspecific one. The specific system prevails at medium to high temporal frequencies. It comprises at least two separate motion pathways that are selective for color and for luminance and that do not interact until after the motion signal is extracted separately in each.(More)
— The modern electronic systems have become very complex with a high number of potential factors that may affect the systems' behavior. Sensitivity analysis may be employed to simplify the analysis of such systems and identify the most important factors upfront. The paper introduces two new sensitivity analysis methods based on the measure of entropy, which(More)
The paper proposes a novel updating concept for adaptive Volterra kernels that relies on a robust statistics approach. The optimization of a certain cost function leads to the update equations for the linear and quadratic kernels with respect to an optimum error threshold, set according to the relative local noise power. Thereby, for absolute error samples(More)
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