Ingrid Karen Brenner

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This study examined the immunological responses to cold exposure together with the effects of pretreatment with either passive heating or exercise (with and without a thermal clamp). On four separate occasions, seven healthy men [mean age 24.0 +/- 1.9 (SE) yr, peak oxygen consumption = 45.7 +/- 2.0 ml. kg(-1). min(-1)] sat for 2 h in a climatic chamber(More)
This study examined indices of parasympathetic (PNS) and sympathetic (SNS) nerve activity during exposure to heat and/or two successive bouts of exercise. Seven healthy males [age = 27.1 (3.6) years; mean (SD), maximum oxygen consumption (V˙O2 max )= 48.1 (7.6) ml · kg−1 · min−1] were assigned to each of four experimental conditions according to a(More)
To determine if heat exposure alters the hormonal responses to moderate, repeated exercise, 11 healthy male subjects [age = 27.1 (3.0) years; maximal oxygen consumption, V˙O2max = 47.6 (6.2) ml · kg · min−1; mean (SD)] were assigned to four different experimental conditions according to a randomized-block design. While in a thermoneutral (23°C) or heated(More)
It was hypothesized that muscle injury would be greater with eccentric than with all-out or prolonged exercise, and that immune changes might provide an indication that supplements the information provided by traditional markers such as creatine kinase (CK) or delayed-onset muscle soreness. Eight healthy males [mean (SE): age = 24.9 (2.3) years, maximum(More)
The effect of an 18.5-week infantry training program on health status was studied in 23 male military personnel (aged 22.0 +/- 0.5 years, mean +/- SE). Aerobic power, body composition, and immune function (including natural killer cell activity, mitogen-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation, in vivo cell-mediated immunity, and secretory immunoglobulin A(More)
This review focuses on the response of "stress" hormones to heat, exercise (single or repeated bouts), and combinations of these stimuli, with particular reference to their impact upon immune function. Very hot conditions induce a typical stress response, with secretion of catecholamines and cortisol. The catecholamines induce a demargination of leukocytes,(More)
Minimal information is available on the autonomic response to exercise under adverse environmental conditions. Traditionally, pharmacological blockade has been used to study autonomic responsiveness but, owing to its invasive nature, such studies have been limited in their scope. Recent advances in electrocardiographic tape recording, telemetry and(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that exercise elicits monocytic cytokine expression and that prolonged cold exposure modulates such responses. Nine men (age, 24.6 +/- 3.8 y; VO(2 peak), 56.8 +/- 5.6 ml. kg(-1). min(-1)) completed 7 days of exhausting exercise (aerobic, anaerobic, resistive) and underwent three cold, wet exposures (CW). CW trials comprised(More)
The contribution of hyperthermia to the differential leukocytosis of exercise remains obscure. This study examined changes in circulating sympathoadrenal hormone concentrations and patterns of leukocyte and lymphocyte subset (CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+), CD19(+), CD3(-)16(+)/56(+)) redistribution during exercise, with and without a significant rise of rectal(More)