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BACKGROUND Dietary factors and very-long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) may influence the atherothrombotic process. Elevated concentrations of circulating cell adhesion molecules, thrombomodulin (TM), von Willebrand factor (vWF), and tissue-type plasminogen activator antigen (tPAag) are related to atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease.(More)
This paper presents a new dynamic environmental risk model, with intended use within a new, dynamical approach for risk based ship traffic prioritisation. The philosophy behind this newly developed approach is that shipping risk can be reduced by directing efforts towards ships and areas that have been identified as high priority (high risk), prior to a(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of long-term diet and very long chain n-3 fatty acids (VLC n-3) intervention on plasma coagulation factor VII (FVII), choline-containing phospholipids (PC) and triglycerides (TG), especially related to the R353Q polymorphism of the FVII gene. The present investigation included 219 subjects from the(More)
The effect of moderate hypoxia on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in man has not been well described, and little is known about the interaction of changes in arterial PO2 and PCO2 as regards CBF. Using a non-invasive doppler ultrasound method we have measured the instantaneous mean blood velocity (which is proportional to CBF as long as the cross-section of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Impaired vasodilatation has been suggested to be caused by inhibition of nitric oxide generation by the recently described asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). In the present study we wanted to explore whether n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation and/or diet intervention have beneficial influence on endothelial function(More)
Epidemiological data suggest that fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a lowered risk of CVD. We assessed the association between the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery and dietary intake of vegetables, fruit and berries in elderly men with a high risk of CVD. Subjects (age 70 +/- 5 years) were survivors from a cohort of 1232(More)
BACKGROUND This randomized study targeted a comparison of the effect of 3-year diet counselling or omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation (2.4 g/day) on the progression of atherosclerosis in carotid arteries and on finger pulse wave propagation. METHODS Measurements were assessed by high-resolution B-mode ultrasound and a(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Plant foods may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed changes in the intima media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery and diet in elderly men. Men (n=563) aged 70+/-5 years were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups (dietary intervention, omega-3 supplementation, both or neither) using a 2 x 2(More)
Ventilation increases when the concentration of CO2 in the inspired gas is increased, thereby limiting the increase in alveolar and arterial PCO2. The extent of this compensation at low levels of inspired CO2 has been debated. In five healthy humans, we have measured arterial PCO2, arterial pH and ventilation during exposure to 1 and 2% CO2 in the inspired(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify clinical factors associated with HIV-associated lipoatrophy and to evaluate body composition changes, blood pressure and lipid levels in lipoatrophic subjects 3-4 years after the atrophy diagnosis. METHODS Clinical signs of lipoatrophy were assessed in 308 ambulant HIV-positive patients in 2000-2001. Possible clinical risk factors,(More)