Ingrid G.M. Kolfschoten

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Little is known about the regulation and function of the Notch1 gene in negative control of human tumors. Here we show that Notch1 gene expression and activity are substantially down-modulated in keratinocyte cancer cell lines and tumors, with expression of this gene being under p53 control in these cells. Genetic suppression of Notch signaling in primary(More)
Activating mutations of RAS frequently occur in subsets of human cancers, indicating that RAS activation is important for tumorigenesis. However, a large proportion of these cancers still retain wild-type RAS alleles, suggesting that either the RAS pathway is activated in a distinct manner or another pathway is deregulated. To uncover novel tumor-suppressor(More)
Genetic studies in Caenorhabditis elegans identified lin-9 to function together with the retinoblastoma homologue lin-35 in vulva differentiation. We have now identified a human homologue of Lin-9 (hLin-9) and provide evidence about its function in the mammalian pRB pathway. hLin-9 binds to pRB and cooperates with pRB in flat cell formation in Saos-2 cells.(More)
The discovery in mammalian cells of hundreds of small RNA molecules, called microRNAs, with the potential to modulate the expression of the majority of the protein-coding genes has revolutionized many areas of biomedical research, including the diabetes field. MicroRNAs function as translational repressors and are emerging as key regulators of most, if not(More)
The capacity of tiny, noncoding RNA molecules (including small, interfering RNA molecules and micro-RNA molecules [miRNAs]) to control gene expression in a very specific and efficient manner has opened new avenues in biomedical research. RNA interference (RNAi) is now an important tool able to specifically inhibit the expression of almost any gene. The(More)
Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are highly heterogeneous tumours, resulting from deranged expression of genes involved in squamous cell differentiation. Here we report that microRNA-34a (miR-34a) functions as a novel node in the squamous cell differentiation network, with SIRT6 as a critical target. miR-34a expression increases with keratinocyte(More)
Tumors have several mechanisms to escape from the immune system. One of these involves expression of intracellular anticytotoxic proteins that modulate the execution of cell death. Previously, we have shown that the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) SPI-6, which inactivates the cytotoxic protease granzyme B (GrB), is capable of preventing cytotoxic T(More)
Antisense-mediated exon skipping is a promising therapeutic approach for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. It aims to restore the dystrophin open reading frame by skipping exons with antisense oligonucleotides (AONs) to allow production of partly functional proteins. The approach is currently tested in phase 3 clinical trials, but dosing and maintenance regimens(More)
In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), dystrophin deficiency leading to progressive muscular degeneration is caused by frame-shifting mutations in the DMD gene. Antisense oligonucleotides (AONs) aim to restore the reading frame by skipping of a specific exon(s), thereby allowing the production of a shorter, but semifunctional protein, as is found in the(More)
Antisense-mediated exon skipping is currently in clinical development for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) to amend the consequences of the underlying genetic defect and restore dystrophin expression. Due to turnover of compound, transcript, and protein, chronic treatment with effector molecules (antisense oligonucleotides) will be required. To investigate(More)
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