Learn More
The current interest in expression of groups of functionally related genes creates a demand for novel experimental tools. We describe a multiplex liga-tion-dependent ampli®cation procedure (RT-MLPA), which accurately quanti®es up to 45 transcripts of interest in a one-tube assay. The output, a set of ¯uorescent DNA fragments, is analysed via capillary(More)
CD20 was the first B cell differentiation antigen identified, and CD20-specific mAbs are commonly used for the treatment of B cell malignancies and autoantibody-mediated autoimmune diseases. Despite this the role of CD20 in human B cell physiology has remained elusive. We describe here a juvenile patient with CD20 deficiency due to a homozygous mutation in(More)
Apoptosis provoked by glucose shortage in dividing T cells is mediated via the BH3-only protein Noxa and inhibition of its binding partner Mcl-1. It is unknown how signals from cellular metabolism can affect the balance between Mcl-1 and Noxa and to what extent other Bcl-2 members are involved in this apoptosis cascade. Here, we defined the mechanism(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells multiply in secondary lymphoid tissue, but the mechanisms leading to their proliferation are still uncertain. In addition to B-cell receptor (BCR)-triggered signals, other microenvironmental factors might well be involved. In proliferation centers, leukemic B cells are in close contact with CD4(+)CD40L(+) T cells.(More)
Memory T cells form a highly specific defense layer against reinfection with previously encountered pathogens. In addition, memory T cells provide protection against pathogens that are similar, but not identical to the original infectious agent. This is because each T cell response harbors multiple clones with slightly different affinities, thereby creating(More)
The ATM-p53 DNA-damage response (DDR) pathway has a crucial role in chemoresistance in CLL, as indicated by the adverse prognostic impact of genetic aberrations of TP53 and ATM. Identifying and distinguishing TP53 and ATM functional defects has become relevant as epigenetic and posttranscriptional dysregulation of the ATM/p53 axis is increasingly being(More)
Apoptosis plays an essential role in the removal of activated CD8 T cells that are no longer required during or postinfection. The Bim-dependent intrinsic pathway of apoptosis removes effector CD8 T cells upon clearance of viral infection, which is driven by withdrawal of growth factors. Binding of Fas ligand to Fas mediates activation-induced T cell death(More)
Key Points • Autologous activated T cells can drive antigen-independent proliferation of CLL cells through CD40 and IL-21 signaling. • An IL-21 gene induction signature, IL-21 mRNA, and protein can be found in CLL lymph node samples. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells multiply in secondary lymphoid tissue, but the mechanisms leading to their(More)
Apoptosis plays an essential role in the control of erythropoiesis under normal and pathological conditions. However, the contribution of individual proteins within cell death signalling pathways remains poorly defined. Here, we investigated the role of the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member Noxa in the regulation of erythropoiesis. We found that expression(More)
  • 1