Ingolf Cascorbi

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To evaluate whether alterations in the multidrug-resistance (MDR)-1 gene correlate with intestinal MDR-1 expression and uptake of orally administered P-glycoprotein (PGP) substrates, we analyzed the MDR-1 sequence in 21 volunteers whose PGP expression and function in the duodenum had been determined by Western blots and quantitative immunohistology (n = 21)(More)
Using the International Project on Genetic Susceptibility to Environmental Carcinogens (GSEC) database containing information on over 15,000 control (noncancer) subjects, the allele and genotype frequencies for many of the more commonly studied metabolic genes (CYP1A1, CYP2E1, CYP2D6, GSTM1, GSTT1, NAT2, GSTP, and EPHX) in the human population were(More)
BACKGROUND P-glycoprotein, the gene product of MDR1, confers multidrug resistance against antineoplastic agents but also plays an important role in the bioavailability of common drugs in medical treatment. Various polymorphisms in the MDR1 gene were recently identified. A silent mutation in exon 26 (C3435T) was correlated with intestinal P-glycoprotein(More)
The polymorphic arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT2; EC 2.3.1.5) is supposed to be a susceptibility factor for several drug side effects and certain malignancies. A group of 844 unrelated German subjects was genotyped for their acetylation type, and 563 of them were also phenotyped. Seven mutations of the NAT2 gene were evaluated by allele-specific PCR(More)
The frequency of functionally important mutations and alleles of genes coding for xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes shows a wide ethnic variation. However, little is known of the frequency distribution of the major allelic variants in the Russian population. Using polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR/RFLP) genotyping assays(More)
This study reports a C-->A transversion at position 4887 in exon 7 of cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1), resulting in a threonine-asparagine exchange in codon 461. The polymorphism is located directly beside the known codon 462-Ile/Val mutation (m2) near the heme binding region. The C4887A mutation leads to the loss of a BsaI cleavage site, which allows analysis.(More)
Sequence variation in the GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1, and CYP1A1 genes may potentially alter susceptibility to head and neck cancers, although evidence from previous studies has not been consistent. To explore these associations, we conducted a meta-analysis of 31 published case-control studies (4635 cases and 5770 controls) and a pooled analysis of original data(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Ezetimibe is an inhibitor of the cholesterol uptake transporter Niemann-Pick C1-like protein (NPC1L1). Target concentrations can be influenced by intestinal uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) and the efflux transporters P-glycoprotein (P-gp) (ABCB1) and multidrug resistance associated protein 2 (MRP2) (ABCC2). This study(More)
Foreign compound-metabolizing enzymes may modify the risk of chemically induced cancer. We wanted to examine enzymes with putative relevance in urinary bladder cancer using molecular genetic analyses of heritably polymorphic enzymes. Arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT2); glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) M1 and T1; microsomal epoxide hydrolase; and(More)
OBJECTIVE Thyroid function alters the pharmacokinetics of many drugs; one example is the cardiac glycoside digoxin. Because digoxin disposition is affected by intestinal expression of P-glycoprotein, we hypothesized that thyroid hormones may regulate P-glycoprotein and influence disposition of P-glycoprotein substrates. METHODS Duodenal expression of(More)