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We have used an approximately 8.7-Mb BAC contig of Arabidopsis thaliana Chromosome 4 to trace homeologous chromosome regions in 21 species of the family Brassicaceae. Homeologs of this segment could be identified in all tested species. Painting of pachytene chromosomes of Calepina, Conringia, and Sisymbrium species (2n = 14, 16), traditionally placed in(More)
Seed samples of 32 species (obligate and facultative sexuals and apomicts of monocots and dicots) were investigated by flow cytometry to reveal the pathway of reproduction. Ten different pathways of seed formation could be reconstructed considering whether the female and/or male gametes were reduced or unreduced, the embryos arose via the zygotic or(More)
A 745 bp sequence (pSau3A9) located at the centromeres of several cereal species was isolated from a sorghum BAC library by Jiang et al. (1996, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, 93, 14210-14213). We have amplified a partially homologous 809 bp sequence from barely genomic DNA by PCR and localized it to the centromeres of barley, wheat and rye chromosomes by(More)
The positions of 18/25S rRNA genes, 5S RNA genes and of Arabidopsis-type telomeric repeats were localized by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) on the chromosomes of three coniferous species; Picea abies, Larix decidua and Pinus sylvestris, each with 2n=24 chromosomes. Computer-aided chromosome analysis was performed on the basis of the chromosome(More)
The mode of reproduction was characterized for 113 accessions of the tetraploid facultative apomictic species Hypericum perforatum using bulked or single mature seeds in the flow cytometric seed screen (FCSS). This screen discriminates several processes of sexual or asexual reproduction based on DNA contents of embryo and endosperm nuclei. Seed formation in(More)
Reversible acetylation of nucleosomal histones H3 and H4 generally is believed to be correlated with potential transcriptional activity of eukaryotic chromatin domains. Here, we report that the extent of H4 acetylation within euchromatin and heterochromatic domains is linked with DNA replication rather than with transcriptional activity, whereas H3(More)
Heterochromatin in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana is confined to small pericentromeric regions of all five chromosomes and to the nucleolus organizing regions. This clear differentiation makes it possible to study spatial arrangement and functional properties of individual chromatin domains in interphase nuclei. Here, we present the organization of(More)
We propose a model for heterochromatin assembly that links DNA methylation with histone methylation and DNA replication. The hypomethylated Arabidopsis mutants ddm1 and met1 were used to investigate the relationship between DNA methylation and chromatin organization. Both mutants show a reduction of heterochromatin due to dispersion of pericentromeric(More)
The preparation of high quality DNA from polyphenoliccontaining plants such as field bean (Vicia faba), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), and potato (Solanum tuberositm) was difficult, because of DNA degradation mediated by secondary plant products such as phenolic terpenoids and tannins which may bind to DNA and/or RNA after cell lysis (John 1992). Common(More)
Differential painting of all five chromosome pairs of Arabidopsis thaliana revealed for the first time the interphase chromosome arrangement in a euploid plant. Side-by-side arrangement of heterologous chromosome territories and homologous association of chromosomes 1, 3 and 5 (on average in 35–50% of nuclei) are in accordance with the random frequency(More)