Ingo Schmidt

Learn More
Biomarkers for In Situ Detection of Anaerobic Ammonium-Oxidizing (Anammox) Bacteria Markus C. Schmid, Bart Maas, Ana Dapena, Katinka van de Pas-Schoonen, Jack van de Vossenberg, Boran Kartal, Laura van Niftrik, Ingo Schmidt, Irina Cirpus, J. Gijs Kuenen, Michael Wagner, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, Marcel Kuypers, Niels Peter Revsbech, Ramon Mendez, Mike S. M.(More)
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) is a recently discovered microbial pathway and a cost-effective way to remove ammonium from wastewater. Anammox bacteria have been described as obligate chemolithoautotrophs. However, many chemolithoautotrophs (i.e., nitrifiers) can use organic compounds as a supplementary carbon source. In this study, the effect of(More)
Nitrosomonas eutropha, an obligately lithoautotrophic bacterium, was able to nitrify and denitrify simultaneously under anoxic conditions when gaseous nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was supplemented to the atmosphere. In the presence of gaseous NO2, ammonia was oxidized, nitrite and nitric oxide (NO) were formed, and hydroxylamine occurred as an intermediate.(More)
Cell-free extracts of Nitrosomonas eutropha oxidized ammonia to nitrite with NO2 (N2O4) as electron acceptor. The ammonia oxidation activity was shown to be sensitive against oxygen. In the absence of oxygen ammonia and NO2 were consumed in a ratio of approximately 1:2 and hydroxylamine occurred as an intermediate. NO was released in amounts equimolar to(More)
Cells of the obligately lithotrophic species Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrosomonas eutropha were able to nitrify and denitrify at the same time when grown under oxygen limitation. In addition to oxygen, nitrite was used as an electron acceptor. The simultaneous nitrification and denitrification resulted in significant formation of the gaseous N-compounds(More)
In the Completely Autotrophic Nitrogen removal Over Nitrite (CANON) process, aerobic and anaerobic ammonia oxidizing bacteria cooperate to remove ammonia in one oxygen-limited reactor. Kinetic studies, microsensor analysis, and fluorescence in situ hybridization on CANON biomass showed a partial differentiation of processes and organisms within and among(More)
The effect of acetylene ((14)C(2)H(2)) on aerobic and anaerobic ammonia oxidation by Nitrosomonas eutropha was investigated. Ammonia monooxygenase (AMO) was inhibited and a 27 kDa polypeptide (AmoA) was labelled during aerobic ammonia oxidation. In contrast, anaerobic, NO(2)-dependent ammonia oxidation (NO(2)/N(2)O(4) as oxidant) was not affected by(More)
Many countries strive to reduce the emissions of nitrogen compounds (ammonia, nitrate, NOx) to the surface waters and the atmosphere. Since mainstream domestic wastewater treatment systems are usually already overloaded with ammonia, a dedicated nitrogen removal from concentrated secondary or industrial wastewaters is often more cost-effective than the(More)
The effect of short-term ammonia starvation on Nitrosospira briensis was investigated. The ammonia-oxidizing activity was determined in a concentrated cell suspension with a NOx biosensor. The apparent half-saturation constant [Km(app)] value of the NH3 oxidation of N. briensis was 3 microM NH3 for cultures grown both in continuous and batch cultures as(More)
The ammonia oxidizers Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrosomonas eutropha are able to grow chemoorganotrophically under anoxic conditions with pyruvate, lactate, acetate, serine, succinate, α-ketoglutarate, or fructose as substrate and nitrite as terminal electron acceptor. The growth yield of both bacteria is about 3.5 mg protein (mmol pyruvate)−1 and the(More)