Ingo Krossing

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We have developed a simple and quantitative explanation for the relatively low melting temperatures of ionic liquids (ILs). The basic concept was to assess the Gibbs free energy of fusion (Delta(fus)G) for the process IL(s) --> IL(l), which relates to the melting point of the IL. This was done using a suitable Born-Fajans-Haber cycle that was closed by the(More)
In continuation of recent work on the dielectric response of imidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) (J. Phys. Chem. B, 2006, 110, 12682), we report on the effect of cation variation on the frequency-dependent dielectric permittivity up to 20 GHz of ionic liquids. The salts are comprised of pyrrolidinium, pyridinium, tetraalkylammonium, and triethylsulfonium(More)
The principles of protein structure design, molecular recognition, and supramolecular and combinatorial chemistry have been applied to develop a convergent metal-ion-assisted self-assembly approach that is a very simple and effective method for the de novo design and the construction of topologically predetermined antiparallel beta-sheet structures and(More)
Purified LiAlH4 reacts with fluorinated alcohols HORF to give LiAl(ORF)4 (RF=-CH(CF3)2, 2a; -C(CH3)(CF3)2, 2b; -C(CF3)3, 2c) in 77 to 90% yield. The crude lithium aluminates LiAl(ORF)4 react metathetically with AgF to give the silver aluminates AgAl(ORF)4 (RF=-CH(CF3)2, 3a; -C(CH3)(CF3)2, 3b; -C(CF3)3, 3c) in almost quantitative yield. The solid-state(More)
PX(4) (+)[Al(OR)(4)](-) (X=I: 1 a, X=Br: 1 b) was prepared from X(2), PX(3), and Ag[Al(OR)(4)] [R=C(CF(3))(3)] in CH(2)Cl(2) at -30 degrees C in 69-86 % yield. P(2)X(5) (+) salts were prepared from 2 PX(3) and Ag[Al(OR)(4)] in CH(2)Cl(2) at -30 degrees C yielding almost quantitatively P(2)X(5) (+)[Al(OR)(4)](-) (X=I: 3 a, X=Br: 3 b). The phosphorus-rich(More)
Two silver-cyclodimethylsiloxane cation salts [AgD6][Al] ([Al] = [Al(ORF)4](1) or [FAl(OR(F))3](2), R(F) = C(CF3)3, D = Me2SiO) were prepared by the reactions of Ag[Al] with D6 in SO2(l). For a comparison the [Ag(18-crown-6)]2[SbF6]2(3) salt was prepared by the reaction of Ag[SbF6] and 18-crown-6 in SO2(l). The compounds were characterized by IR,(More)
An investigation of the melting points of 520 organic 1:1 salts is presented with the aim of developing a universal, simple, physically well-founded prediction scheme. The general reliability and reproducibility of the recorded experimental data are discussed with respect to purity, phase behavior, disorder and thermal history of a given substance.(More)
Modeling of the temperature-dependent liquid entropy of ionic liquids (ILs) with great accuracy using COSMO-RS is demonstrated. The minimum structures of eight IL ion pairs are investigated and the entropy, calculated from ion pairs, is found to differ on average only 2% from the available experimental values (119 data points). For calculations with single(More)
The melting points (T(fus)) of crystalline ionic liquids are calculated from the ratio of the fusion enthalpy and entropy at the melting point where solid and liquid phases are in chemical equilibrium (DeltaG(T) = 0), and therefore, T(fus) = Delta(fus)H(T)/Delta(fus)S(T) (if T = T(fus)). We specify two variants of this method that have no need for(More)