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Excessive trochlear dysplasia may be responsible for recurrent patellofemoral instability (PFI) due to a missing bony guidance for the patella in early flexion. Thus, an isolated medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLR) can be insufficient, since it mainly addresses instability close to extension and additionally can increase patellofemoral(More)
BACKGROUND Some nickel (Ni) allergic patients develop complications following Ni-containing arthroplasty. In the peri-implant tissue of such patients, we had observed lymphocyte dominated inflammation together with IFN-gamma and IL-17 expression. OBJECTIVES To determine whether Ni stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of such patients(More)
BACKGROUND Differentiation between septic and aseptic loosening of joint replacements is essential for successful revision surgery, but reliable markers for the diagnosis of low-grade infection are lacking. The present study was performed to assess intra-articular and systemic levels of antimicrobial peptides and proinflammatory cytokines as diagnostic(More)
INTRODUCTION Complications in arthroplasty are mostly attributed to wear particle related loosening, infections or mechanical failure. There is no investigation in a large patient series giving data about the frequency of allergic reactions to metals or bone cement components in arthroplasty with complications. METHODS In 92 patients with cemented hip or(More)
Many studies have reported satisfactory clinical outcomes and low redislocation rates after reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) for the treatment of lateral patellar instability. Despite uncorrected severe trochlear dysplasia (Dejour type B to D) being acknowledged as a major reason for less favourable clinical outcomes and a higher(More)
Hamstring injuries are among the most common muscle injuries seen in sports clinical practice. This narrative review covers essential knowledge of hamstring injuries, ranging from strains to total proximal three-tendon ruptures. The primary aim is to provide basic information for clinicians and sports medicine therapists dealing with hamstring problems. In(More)
Antibacterial coating of medical devices is a promising approach to reduce the risk of infection but has not yet been achieved on wear surfaces, e.g. polyethylene (PE). We quantitatively determined the antimicrobial potency of different PE surfaces, which had been conversed to diamond-like carbon (DLC-PE) and doped with silver ions (Ag-DLC-PE). Bacterial(More)
More effective treatment of patients with metastasizing osteosarcoma (OS) with a mean 5-year survival rate of <20% requires more detailed knowledge on the complex mechanisms of metastasis for the design of new drugs, which selectively target metastasizing cells. Moreover, novel diagnostic imaging technology for early detection of metastases is needed. Mouse(More)
The serine protease urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) interacts with a specific receptor (uPAR) on the surface of various cell types, including tumor cells, and plays a crucial role in pericellular proteolysis. High levels of uPA and uPAR often correlate with poor prognosis of cancer patients. Therefore, the specific inhibition of uPA with small(More)
Clinical and experimental evidence suggests that the blood coagulation system is involved in the dissemination of malignant tumors. Consequently, anticoagulant agents have been tested as metastasis suppressors in experimental models. Recently, we have found a close correlation between factor Xa (FXa)-specificity of a series of synthetic serine protease(More)