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How did the study come about? Although in the past century mortality in West Germany decreased similarly as in other Western nations, these changes were less pronounced in East Germany. 1,2 After German reunification in 1990, there was a lack of scientifically valid data from East Germany to explain the regional differences in life expectancy and,(More)
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder with an age-dependent prevalence of up to 10% in the general population above 65 years of age. Affected individuals suffer from uncomfortable sensations and an urge to move in the lower limbs that occurs mainly in resting situations during the evening or at night. Moving the legs or walking leads to an(More)
In view of the high prevalence and the relevant impairment of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) lots of methods are offered which promise definitive cures for or relevant improvement of OSAS. This report summarises the efficacy of alternative treatment options in OSAS. An interdisciplinary European Respiratory Society task force(More)
BACKGROUND In view of the reduced number of hours devoted to sleep in modern western societies the question arises what effects might result from sleep duration on occurrence of chronic diseases. METHODS Data from 23 620 middle-aged participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam study, that were recruited(More)
A recent study has shown that daytime heart rate variability is reduced in obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) patients. In the present study, the hypothesis was that sympathovagal balance around apnoeas/hypopnoeas and nocturnal autonomic activity are altered in OSAHS patients. Frequency- and time-domain analyses of RR intervals were(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES We investigated the effect of 1 week of nocturnal overdrive pacing (NOP) on the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in patients with a chronically implanted pacemaker and diagnosed during a screening phase with sleep apnea. DESIGN Randomized, single-blind, crossover study. SETTING University medical centers in Zürich, Switzerland, and Berlin,(More)
In 2010, under the guidance of the DGAI (German Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine) and DIVI (German Interdisciplinary Association for Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine), twelve German medical societies published the "Evidence- and Consensus-based Guidelines on the Management of Analgesia, Sedation and Delirium in Intensive Care".(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing is one of the most common sleep disorders. Especially obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor. Clinical studies have proven a significant association between OSA and atrial fibrillation, the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Currently, there is no proven evidence for causality. Untreated OSA seems(More)
Sleep is an active and regulated process with restorative functions for physical and mental conditions. Based on recordings of brain waves and the analysis of characteristic patterns and waveforms it is possible to distinguish wakefulness and five sleep stages. Sleep and the sleep stages modulate autonomous nervous system functions such as body temperature,(More)
Studies from the USA have reported that sleep apnoea is common in congestive heart failure (CHF), with Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) being the most frequent type of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in these patients. Within the present study, the authors sought to assess the prevalence and type of SDB among CHF patients in Germany. A total of 203 CHF(More)