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Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder with an age-dependent prevalence of up to 10% in the general population above 65 years of age. Affected individuals suffer from uncomfortable sensations and an urge to move in the lower limbs that occurs mainly in resting situations during the evening or at night. Moving the legs or walking leads to an(More)
A recent study has shown that daytime heart rate variability is reduced in obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) patients. In the present study, the hypothesis was that sympathovagal balance around apnoeas/hypopnoeas and nocturnal autonomic activity are altered in OSAHS patients. Frequency- and time-domain analyses of RR intervals were(More)
BACKGROUND In view of the reduced number of hours devoted to sleep in modern western societies the question arises what effects might result from sleep duration on occurrence of chronic diseases. METHODS Data from 23 620 middle-aged participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam study, that were recruited(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder with a high prevalence that causes pathological changes in cardiovascular regulation during the night and also during daytime. We investigated whether the treatment of OSA at night by means of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves the daytime consequences. Twenty-eight patients with OSA, 18(More)
There are no visible electroencephalographic (EEG) changes at the termination of some apnoeas and hypopnoeas. This study tests the hypothesis that cortical activity fluctuates at apnoea/hypopnoea termination, despite the lack of visible changes. To detect these changes, EEG spectral analysis was performed and centred around the end of apnoeas/hypopnoeas in(More)
Ballet dancers are competitive athletes who undergo extreme physical and mental stress and work according to an irregular schedule, with long days of training, rehearsal, and performance. Their most significant potential risks entail physical injury and altered sleep. The elaborate training requirements for ballet dancers do not allow regular(More)
Sleep recording is the quantitative method used in sleep centers in order to assess sleep disorders and to quantify pathological events occurring during sleep. Cardiorespiratory polysomnography is the method used for sleep recording. Standards for sleep recording stem back to 1968 and were compiled by Rechtschaffen and Kales with specifications for(More)
Nocturnal arousals are the essential cause of disturbed sleep structure in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between sleep stages, respiratory (type-R) and movement (type-M) related EEG arousals. Furthermore, the value of these arousals as a criterion for the efficiency of nCPAP(More)
The dynamics of complex systems is characterized by oscillatory components on many time scales. To study the interactions between these components we analyze the cross modulation of their instantaneous amplitudes and frequencies, separating synchronous and antisynchronous modulation. We apply our novel technique to brain-wave oscillations in the human(More)
Sleep disruption and daytime sleepiness in obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) patients result from recurrent apnoeas/hypopnoeas and arousals from sleep. Around 30% of apnoeas/hypopnoeas are not terminated by visible cortical arousals. The current authors tested the hypotheses that arousal induction is linked to sleep stage, oxygen(More)