Ingmar Näslund

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BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with increased mortality. Weight loss improves cardiovascular risk factors, but no prospective interventional studies have reported whether weight loss decreases overall mortality. In fact, many observational studies suggest that weight reduction is associated with increased mortality. METHODS The prospective, controlled(More)
A stereotactic body frame with a fixation device has been developed for stereotactic radiation therapy of extracranial targets, a precision localization and positioning system in analogy with the stereotactic head frames used for intracranial targets. Results of the first 42 treated tumors in 31 patients are presented. Most of the patients had solitary(More)
CONTEXT Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. Weight loss might protect against cardiovascular events, but solid evidence is lacking. OBJECTIVE To study the association between bariatric surgery, weight loss, and cardiovascular events. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study is an ongoing, nonrandomized,(More)
IMPORTANCE Short-term studies show that bariatric surgery causes remission of diabetes. The long-term outcomes for remission and diabetes-related complications are not known. OBJECTIVES To determine the long-term diabetes remission rates and the cumulative incidence of microvascular and macrovascular diabetes complications after bariatric surgery. (More)
BACKGROUND Weight loss protects against type 2 diabetes but is hard to maintain with behavioral modification alone. In an analysis of data from a nonrandomized, prospective, controlled study, we examined the effects of bariatric surgery on the prevention of type 2 diabetes. METHODS In this analysis, we included 1658 patients who underwent bariatric(More)
A method for stereotactic high-dose radiotherapy of malignancies in the abdomen has been developed. A stereotactic frame for the body has been developed and a method for fixation of the patient in the frame is described. The reproducibility in the stereotactic system of tumours in the liver and the lung was found to be within 5-8 mm for 90% of the patient(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a risk factor for cancer. Intentional weight loss in the obese might protect against malignancy, but evidence is limited. To our knowledge, the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study is the first intervention trial in the obese population to provide prospective, controlled cancer-incidence data. METHODS The SOS study started in 1987 and(More)
The plasma pharmacokinetics of adriamycin has been studied in 21 cancer patients (31–85 years old) without liver tumours after short (3.00 min) and prolonged (45 min-16h) i.v. infusions. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve and the maximum plasma concentration compensated for dose variation showed a more than 3-fold individual variation. The(More)
Background: Body mass index (BMI) is the dominating weightfor-height index, but its validity as a body fat (BF) index has not been properly examined. Objectives: Our aims were to establish and validate optimal weightfor-height indexes for predicting absolute and relative (percentage) amounts of BF, to examine whether other commonly available anthropometric(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal obesity is associated with increased risks of gestational diabetes, large-for-gestational-age infants, preterm birth, congenital malformations, and stillbirth. The risks of these outcomes among women who have undergone bariatric surgery are unclear. METHODS We identified 627,693 singleton pregnancies in the Swedish Medical Birth(More)