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A stereotactic body frame with a fixation device has been developed for stereotactic radiation therapy of extracranial targets, a precision localization and positioning system in analogy with the stereotactic head frames used for intracranial targets. Results of the first 42 treated tumors in 31 patients are presented. Most of the patients had solitary(More)
PURPOSE The impact of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) on 3-year progression-free survival of medically inoperable patients with stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was analyzed in a prospective phase II study. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-seven patients with T1NOMO (70%) and T2N0M0 (30%) were included between August 2003 and September 2005 at(More)
Effects on the heart constitute a potentially significant and serious clinical problem in primary radiation therapy of early breast cancer. Increased cardiac mortality among irradiated patients may offset the potential benefit in terms of a reduced risk of recurrence or of death from breast cancer. Clinical data on long-term cardiac mortality among breast(More)
A method for stereotactic high-dose radiotherapy of malignancies in the abdomen has been developed. A stereotactic frame for the body has been developed and a method for fixation of the patient in the frame is described. The reproducibility in the stereotactic system of tumours in the liver and the lung was found to be within 5-8 mm for 90% of the patient(More)
An integral equation relating the lateral absorbed dose profile of a photon beam to the resultant absorbed dose distribution during single-turn rotating-beam therapy has been set up and solved for the case of a cylindrical phantom with the axis of rotation coinciding with the axis of symmetry of the cylinder. In the first approximation the results obtained(More)
BACKGROUND Toxicity of the respiratory system is quite common after radiotherapy of thoracic tumors; breast cancer patients represent one of the groups for which there is also a long expected survival. The quantification of lung tissue response to irradiation is important in designing treatments associated with a minimum of complications and maximum tumor(More)
The incidence of complications following radiosurgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVM) is presented. A simple relationship exists between average dose and risk of complications, and on this basis a model is presented that gives a qualitatively correct description of this relationship. The parameters of the model have been determined using a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated the results of using stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) for 58 patients with renal cell carcinomas (RCC) who were evaluated restrospectively for response rates, local control rates and side effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS From October 1997 to January 2003, 50 patients suffering from metastatic RCC and eight patients with(More)
Radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD) includes pericarditis, ischemic heart disease, and myocardial infarction and leads in some cases to fatal complications. It has been shown that the increased survival due to radiotherapy could be negated by excess deaths from RIHD in breast cancer radiotherapy for left-sided tumors. Subclinical effects following(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We reported previously a model predicting the risk for radiation-induced complications following Gamma Knife radiosurgery for AVM. No factor other than the dose distribution was related to the risk. The aim of this study was to define if other parameters are of importance for the risk of complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS The model(More)