Ingibjorg Hardardottir

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Eicosanoids are oxidative derivatives of arachidonic acid. When produced in excess many of them are proinflammatory agents. This study investigates whether dietary arachidonic acid enhances arachidonic acid phospholipid content of various tissues and whether this enrichment increases eicosanoid production. Male Syrian hamsters were divided into four groups(More)
Dietary fish oil has immunomodulatory effects that are mediated in part by its effects on cytokines. Secretion of the inflammatory and the anti-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin (IL)-10 by murine resident peritoneal macrophages was monitored after ex vivo stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. Macrophages were obtained from(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a macrophage derived peptide that has an antitumor action and modulates immune and inflammatory reactions. Dietary fatty acids may modulate TNF production as dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids suppress human monocyte TNF production, but enhance its secretion by murine peritoneal macrophages. Mice were maintained for 5(More)
PUFA are susceptible to oxidation. However, the chain-reaction of lipid peroxidation can be interrupted by antioxidants. Whether an increased concentration of PUFA in the body leads to decreased antioxidant capacity and/or increased consumption of antioxidants is not known. To elucidate the relationship between plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC), the(More)
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may have beneficial effects in inflammation, where neutrophil migration and activation are of importance. The effects of dietary fish oil on neutrophil numbers and subpopulations in healthy mice and mice with endotoxin-induced inflammation were determined. Mice were fed a control diet with or without 2.8% fish oil, and(More)
Dietary fish oil is considered to have anti-inflammatory effects based primarily on its effects on T-cell proliferation and IL-2 secretion. Its effects on the secretion of T helper (Th) 1-type cytokines vary and few studies have examined its effects on the secretion of Th2-type cytokines. In the present study, we examined the effects of dietary fish oil on(More)
Infection and inflammation induce alterations in hepatic synthesis and plasma concentrations of the acute phase proteins. Our results show that apolipoprotein (apo) J is a positive acute phase protein. Endotoxin (LPS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and interleukin (IL)-1 increased hepatic mRNA and serum protein levels of apo J in Syrian hamsters. Hepatic apo(More)
Endotoxin alters the metabolism of lipoproteins, including that of high density lipoprotein (HDL). Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) facilitates exchange of HDL cholesterol for very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglyceride, leading to catabolism of HDL. We investigated the effects of endotoxin and cytokines on CETP in Syrian hamsters. Endotoxin(More)
Infection and inflammation are associated with alterations in lipid metabolism that may be mediated by cytokines such as TNF and IL-1. This study determined the effects of TNF and IL-1 on certain aspects of cholesterol metabolism. TNF or IL-1 administration to Syrian hamsters increased serum cholesterol levels by 17 and 21%, respectively, and decreased HDL(More)