Inger Nina Farstad

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Endothelial cells (EC) recruit circulating leukocytes to sites of inflammation, partly by expression of endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecules. Whereas the regulation of some adhesion molecules is well characterized in cultured HUVEC, similar data for microvascular human test systems are limited. We studied the cytokine-regulated expression of vascular(More)
Resectable adenocarcinomas in the pancreatic head, by definition "periampullary", originate from ampullary, duodenal, biliary, or ductal pancreatic epithelium. Typically, periampullary adenocarcinomas have either intestinal or pancreatobiliary type of differentiation, and the type of differentiation might be prognostically more important than the anatomic(More)
Mucosal immunity is an important arm of the immune system because it operates in tissues involved in everyday infectious defence as well as in tolerance against innocuous environmental and dietary antigens. Here, Per Brandtzaeg and colleagues discuss compartmentalized regulation of mucosal B cells and mechanisms that might explain the strikingly(More)
The mucosae and exocrine glands harbour the largest activated B-cell system of the body, amounting to some 80-90% of all immunoglobulin (Ig)-producing cells. The major product of these immunocytes is polymeric (p)IgA (mainly dimers) with associated J chain. Both pIgA and pentameric IgM contain a binding site for the polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR), or(More)
The specialized M cells in the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) of Peyer's patches (PP) represent an intimate interphase between luminal antigens and gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). M cells form pockets that contain clusters of leucocytes probably involved in the first encounter with antigens from the gut lumen. Three-colour immunofluorescence in(More)
The retroperitoneal margin is frequently microscopically tumour positive in non-curative periampullary adenocarcinoma resections. This margin should be evaluated by serial perpendicular sectioning. The aim of the study was to determine whether retroperitoneal margin involvement independently predicts survival after pancreaticoduodenectomy within a framework(More)
According to the current paradigm of lymphocyte trafficking, primed B and T cells extravasate in the intestinal lamina propria chiefly by means of the mucosal homing receptor alpha4beta7, which interacts with the vascular addressin MAdCAM-1. However, as discussed here, this mechanism cannot explain the preferential homing of B cells with a high level of(More)
Increased levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) transcripts have previously been found in duodenal biopsy specimens from patients with untreated coeliac disease (CD). Such samples and duodenal control mucosa were therefore studied to locate and phenotype cells spontaneously secreting IFN-gamma. Specimens were collected from consecutively recruited patients(More)
Expression of CD45RO on intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) bearing the T-cell receptor (TcR) alpha/beta or gamma/delta was studied in situ by three-colour immunofluorescence on jejunal tissue sections from 21 patients with coeliac disease and eight controls. CD45RA-TcR alpha/beta+ IEL expressed CD45RO significantly more often (75%) than the preferentially(More)
Ethical constraints restrict direct tracking of immune-cell migration throughout the human body in vivo. We, therefore, used deletion of the immunoglobulin M (IgM) heavy-chain constant-gene (Cmu) segment as a marker to provide a dispersal signature of an effector B-cell subset (IgD(+)IgM(-)CD38+) induced selectively in human tonsils. By DNA analysis, the(More)