Inger L. Rosner

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BACKGROUND For patients with low-risk prostate cancer (PCa), active surveillance (AS) may produce oncologic outcomes comparable to those achieved with radical prostatectomy (RP). Health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) outcomes are important to consider, yet few studies have examined HRQoL among patients with PCa who were managed with AS. In this study, the(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers that are validated in independent cohorts are needed to improve risk assessment for prostate cancer (PCa). OBJECTIVE A racially diverse cohort of men (20% African American [AA]) was used to evaluate the association of the clinically validated 17-gene Genomic Prostate Score (GPS) with recurrence after radical prostatectomy and adverse(More)
OBJECTIVES In patients with a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level during treatment with androgen deprivation therapy, identification of men who progress to bone metastasis and death remains problematic. Accurate risk stratification models are needed to better predict risk for bone metastasis and death among patients with castration-resistant(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Despite marked stage migration, approximately a third of patients with clinically organ-confined prostate cancer will have extracapsular extension on pathological analysis. To improve outcomes further, alternative modalities of determining extraprostatic disease must be investigated beyond the current clinical parameters of digital rectal(More)
OBJECTIVES Alterations of androgen receptor (AR) functions caused by overexpression, amplification, or mutation have been described in a significant subset of advanced prostate cancer (CaP). Because AR mutations or amplification are rare in early stage CaP, we hypothesized that altered AR expression in prostate tumor cells may provide a prognostic indicator(More)
Over the last several decades, the advances in molecular genetics have elucidated kidney cancer gene pathways. Kidney cancer is a heterogeneous disorder. Each specific type of kidney cancer has its own histologic features, gene, and clinical course. Insight into the genetic basis of kidney cancer has been learned largely from the study of the familial or(More)
Familial renal cancer (FRC) is a heterogeneous disorder comprised of a variety of subtypes. Each subtype is known to have unique histologic features, genetic alterations, and response to therapy. Through the study of families affected by hereditary forms of kidney cancer, insights into the genetic basis of this disease have been identified. This has(More)
PURPOSE Alterations of the androgen receptor (AR)-mediated signaling through numerous mechanisms are increasingly recognized in prostate cancer (CaP) progression. We hypothesized that the assessment of well-defined AR transcriptional targets (e.g., PSA/HK3 mRNA) in CaP tissues will provide in vivo readout of AR dysfunctions. Moreover, quantitative(More)
BACKGROUND To determine whether prostate cancers detected in the anterior vs posterior zones impact clinicopathological features and patient outcomes. This information could potentially affect clinical management. METHODS A retrospective pathological review of 1528 radical prostatectomy specimens submitted between 1989 and 2011 was completed. Specimens(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform patient-specific meta-analysis (MA) of two independent clinical validation studies of a 17-gene biopsy-based genomic assay as a predictor of favorable pathology at radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patient-specific MA was performed on data from 2 studies (732 patients) using the Genomic Prostate Score (GPS; scale 0-100)(More)