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After endocytosis, some membrane proteins recycle from early endosomes to the plasma membrane whereas others are transported to late endosomes and lysosomes for degradation. Conjugation with the small polypeptide ubiquitin is a signal for lysosomal sorting. Here we show that the hepatocyte growth factor-regulated tyrosine kinase substrate, Hrs, is involved(More)
EGF, but not TGF alpha, efficiently induces degradation of the EGF receptor (EGFR). We show that EGFR was initially polyubiquitinated to the same extent upon incubation with EGF and TGF alpha, whereas the ubiquitination was more sustained by incubation with EGF than with TGF alpha. Consistently, the ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl was recruited to the plasma(More)
Ligand binding causes the EGF receptor (EGFR) to become ubiquitinated by Cbl upon association with the adaptor protein Grb2. We have investigated the role of ubiquitin and Grb2 in ligand-induced endocytosis of the EGFR. Incubation of cells with EGF on ice caused translocation of Grb2 and Cbl from the cytosol to the rim of coated pits. Grb2 with point(More)
The anti-proliferative effect of the ErbB2 specific antibody Herceptin in cells overexpressing ErbB2 has previously been explained by endocytic downregulation of ErbB2. However, in the following, we demonstrate that Herceptin inhibited proliferation of ErbB2 overexpressing cells without downregulating ErbB2. Herceptin did also not induce endocytosis of(More)
We investigated the ability of endocytosed activated epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) to induce expression of the cyclin-interacting protein p21/CIP1 in A431 cells. Transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) and EGF both induced tyrosine phosphorylation, induction of p21/CIP1, and thereby inhibition of DNA synthesis. TGFalpha is released from the(More)
Epsin consists of an epsin NH(2)-terminal homology domain that promotes interaction with phospholipids, several AP-2-binding sites, two clathrin-binding sequences and several Eps15 homology domain-binding motifs. Epsin additionally possesses ubiquitin-interacting motifs (UIMs) and has been demonstrated to bind ubiquitinated cargo. We therefore investigated(More)
Potassium depletion after a brief exposure of the cells to hypotonic medium was used to inhibit endocytosis from coated pits in Hep 2 cells. After such treatment the endocytic uptake of transferrin was arrested, and electron microscopy revealed that virtually no coated pits were present at the cell surface, while smooth (uncoated) pits were abundant. Under(More)
We have previously shown that, although overexpression of mutant dynamin inhibits clathrin-dependent endocytosis and disrupts high affinity binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) to the EGF receptor (EGFR), it does not inhibit ligand-induced translocation of the EGFR into clathrin-coated pits. In the present study, we demonstrate that, upon ligand binding(More)
The protein tyrosine kinase Ack1 has been linked to cancer when over-expressed. Ack1 has also been suggested to function in clathrin-mediated endocytosis and in down-regulation of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR). We have studied the intracellular localization of over-expressed Ack1 and found that Ack1 co-localizes with the EGFR upon(More)