Learn More
The spatial and temporal variations of PM(2.5), PM(10) and TSP in three African cities of different sizes (Dar es Salaam, Ouagadougou and Gaborone) were investigated using portable particle counters. Three different areas (downtown, green residential and traditional residential) and a reference site were designated in each of the cities in order to detect(More)
Moraxella catarrhalis and Hemophilus influenzae are isolated from the nasopharynx in 50% to 55% and 8% to 15%, respectively, of cases of acute laryngitis in adults. This finding indicates that these organisms, M catarrhalis in particular, are in some way involved in the pathogenesis of the disorder. In the present double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, the(More)
Various cationic polyelectrolytes (poly-alpha-amino acids and histones), lectins, the chemotactic peptide, f-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), the calcium ionophore A23187, and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) were investigated regarding their capacity to induce luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (LDCL) and superoxide production by human blood(More)
A protein antigen--P-antigen--characteristic of Branhamella catarrhalis has been described. Precipitating antibodies against this antigen occur in a majority of healthy human sera; serological evidence for a pathogenic role of B. catarrhalis is accumulating. The occurrence of complement-fixing antibodies has been demonstrated during bronchopulmonary(More)
In order to determine the recovery rate of species of the genera Haemophilus and Moraxella (including subgenus Branhamella) from the upper respiratory tract and the incidence of beta-lactamase production within these genera, cultures were made of nose and throat swab specimens and adenoid tissue in 50 children undergoing adenoidectomy. Haemophilus(More)
The occurrence of beta-lactamase production in Haemophilus influenzae, Branhamella catarrhalis and Moraxella nonliquefaciens was compared in 191 healthy children attending day nurseries in 2 municipalities differing with regard to the prescription rate of beta-lactam antibiotics. A significantly higher frequency of beta-lactamase production was recorded in(More)
The general aim has been to illuminate the psychological mechanisms involved in outdoor place and weather assessment. This reasoning was conceptualized in a model, tentatively proposing direct and indirect links of influence in an outdoor place-human relationship. The model was subsequently tested by an empirical study, performed in a Nordic city, on the(More)
The plasmid-mediated beta-lactamase in Branhamella catarrhalis (BRO-1), also occurring in Moraxella nonliquefaciens, differs from other known plasmid-mediated beta-lactamases in Gram-negative bacteria regarding substrate profile and isoelectric point. B. catarrhalis strains previously reported to produce beta-lactamases deviating from BRO-1 were tested, and(More)
Four qualitative methods for the detection of beta-lactamase production in Staphylococcus and Micrococcus species were evaluated and compared with a quantitative macroiodometric reference method. The disc diffusion test with penicillin G and the cloverleaf method could not separate beta-lactamase-positive from beta-lactamase-negative strains. Two(More)
Sales of antibiotics have increased in Sweden during the past decade. This has been paralleled by an increase in the frequency of beta-lactamase-producing respiratory tract bacteria. To investigate the effects of regional differences in use of antibiotics on beta-lactamase production in respiratory tract bacteria, we collected nasopharyngeal specimens and(More)