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Adenosine A2a receptors are not confined to dopamine-rich areas of the brain, since thermocycling analysis shows that adenosine A2a receptor mRNA is expressed also in the hippocampus (CA1, CA3 and dentate gyrus) and cerebral cortex. The expression of A2a mRNA in three main areas of the hippocampus was confirmed by in situ hybridization; A2a mRNA expression(More)
The effect of intracerebroventricular injections of pertussis toxin were investigated on the neuropeptide Y-induced modulation of alpha 2-adrenoceptor binding in membranes from the dorsomedial medulla oblongata of the rat. Concentration-response experiments showed that neuropeptide Y reduced the binding affinity of the alpha 2-agonist, p-[3H]aminoclonidine,(More)
The effects of intracerebroventricular (i.v.t.) injections of pertussis toxin (PTX) (10 micrograms/30 microliters, 48 h) were studied on the cardiovascular actions of i.v.t. administered neuropeptide Y(13-36) (NPY(13-36)) as evaluated in the awake unrestrained male rat. The vasopressor action of NPY(13-36) in the peak dose of 3000 pmol per rat was(More)
PURPOSE Findings in studies have suggested a role for matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 in angiogenesis, including choroidal neovascularization (CNV). To investigate further, the current study was conducted to observe the formation of experimental CNV in MMP-2-deficient mice. METHODS CNV was induced in wild-type and MMP-2-deficient mice by krypton laser(More)
To examine whether GTP-binding proteins (G proteins) mediate the ability of neurotensin to lower the affinity of dopamine D2 agonist binding, the modulation by neurotensin in vitro of N-[3H]propylnorapomorphine [( 3H]-NPA) binding was investigated following pretreatment with pertussis toxin and N-ethylmaleimide in rat neostriatal membranes. Preincubation(More)
The role of G-proteins in the mediation of the cardiovascular effects of neuropeptide Y and the alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine was investigated by injections of pertussis toxin (10 micrograms/30 microliters, i.v.t., 24 h) in the awake unrestrained male rat. Treatment with pertussis toxin was found to inhibit the hypotensive and bradycardic actions(More)
In vivo administration of pertussis toxin is often used to study the involvement of guanine nucleotide binding proteins in signal transduction. Especially when it is administered in the brain the effect is often poor. This could be due to the fact that pertussis toxin does not reach the area of interest. To evaluate the extent to which pertussis toxin is(More)
The basal mRNA levels of kappa and mu opioid receptors, as well as their regulation after 'binge' cocaine administration, were determined with competitive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in brain regions of male Sprague-Dawley rats. The procedure proved to be a reliable method to quantify the relative opioid receptor gene(More)
PURPOSE Transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) is currently being evaluated for treatment of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in age-related macular degeneration. To optimize TTT for CNV, the effect was analyzed of invisible (subthreshold) or visible (threshold) doses of TTT on the normal mouse retina and on experimental CNV. METHODS TTT was delivered to(More)
INTRODUCTION Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a debilitating complication of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and a leading cause of vision loss. Along with other angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 and its receptor, IGF-1R, have been implicated in CNV. PURPOSE A prior study(More)