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Field emission scanning electron microscopy of plasmolysed Tradescantia virginiana leaf epidermal cells gave novel insights into the three-dimensional architecture of Hechtian strands, Hechtian reticulum, and the inner surface of the cell wall without the need for extraction. At high magnification, we observed fibres that pin the plasma membrane to the cell(More)
The directional elongation of root hairs, “tip growth”, depends on the coordinated and highly regulated trafficking of vesicles which fill the tip cytoplasm and are active in secretion of cell wall material. So far, little is known about the dynamics of endocytosis in living root hairs. We analyzed the motile behaviour of vesicles in the apical region of(More)
We analysed cell wall formation in rapidly growing root hairs of Triticum aestivum under reduced turgor pressure by application of iso- and hypertonic mannitol solutions. Our experimental series revealed an osmotic value of wheat root hairs of 150 mOsm. In higher concentrations (200–650 mOsm), exocytosis of wall material and its deposition, as well as(More)
The present study was carried out on the evaluation and application of new biomarkers for populations exposed to occupational diesel exhaust at oil shale mines. Since not only genotoxic effects may play an important role in the generation of tumors, the level of porphyrin metabolism was proposed as a biomarker of diesel exhaust exposure effects. The data on(More)
Fig. S1. Chloroplastic pigments in young Brassica napus leaves of Fe-deprived (0 µM Fe), Fe-deficient (5 µM Fe) and Fe-sufficient (50 µM Fe) plants: (A) Chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll and carotenoid concentrations, (B) Chl a/Chl b and carotinoids/total chlorophyll ratio. Vertical bars are mean ±SE (n=6). Bars carrying different letters are(More)
Plasmolysis is a typical response of plant cells exposed to hyperosmotic stress. The loss of turgor causes the violent detachment of the living protoplast from the cell wall. The plasmolytic process is mainly driven by the vacuole. Plasmolysis is reversible (deplasmolysis) and characteristic to living plant cells. Obviously, dramatic structural changes are(More)
The bryophyte Mielichhoferia elongata is known to occur on copper-rich substrate, but the exact resistance level remained to be determined by in vitro experiments. Here, we tested its copper tolerance in graded copper solutions and compared the results to the moss Physcomitrella patens that is not known to inhabit heavy metal sites. Our results confirm the(More)
The authors obtained data demonstrating that peculiarities of each building object, wide variety of building operations at various stages of construction and constantly renewed technologies and construction materials complicate unequivocal evaluation of work conditions in building industry and require a system of occupational monitoring for health state(More)
Lichen secondary metabolites can function as allelochemicals and affect the development and growth of neighboring bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants, microorganisms, and even other lichens. Lichen overgrowth on bryophytes is frequently observed in nature even though mosses grow faster than lichens, but there is still little information on the interactions(More)