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Glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) exert an antiproliferative effect on most cells. However, the molecular mechanism is still largely unclear. We investigated the antiproliferative mechanism by GCs in human embryonic kidney 293 cells with stably introduced glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mutants that discriminate between cross-talk with nuclear factor-(kappa)B(More)
Glucocorticoids inhibit NF-kappaB signaling by interfering with the NF-kappaB transcription factor RelA. Previous studies have identified the DNA-binding domain (DBD) in the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) as the major region responsible for this repressive activity. Using GR mutants with chimeric DBDs the repressive function was found to be located in the(More)
In this work, we investigated a potential mechanism behind the observation of increased aminotransferase levels in a phase I clinical trial using a lipid-lowering drug, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist, AZD4619. In healthy volunteers treated with AZD4619, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(More)
Previous data have suggested that glucocorticoids (GCs) are involved in the differentiation of thymocytes into mature T cells. In this report we demonstrate that the mouse thymic epithelial cells (TEC) express the cytochrome P450 hydroxylases Cyp11A1, Cyp21, and Cyp11B1. These enzymes, in combination with 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3betaHSD),(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) effects are mediated via the GC-receptor (GR), which either stimulates or represses gene expression. Repression of target genes often involves negative cross-talk between the GR and other transcription factors e.g. NF-kappaB, important for gene activation. Using HEK293 cells we here describe that repression of NF-kappaB requires(More)
Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is used as a clinical marker of hepatotoxicity. Two forms of ALT have been identified, ALT1 and ALT2, encoded by separate genes. The cellular and tissue distribution of the different ALT proteins has not been characterized in humans, and their relative contribution to serum is unknown. Here, we describe the development(More)
Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is used as a clinical marker of hepatotoxicity. Three forms of human ALT have been identified, ALT1 and 2 and an alternative splice variant of ALT2 (herein called ALT2_2). The standard ALT activity assay does not discriminate between ALT from different organs, or the isoforms measured in the plasma. Here, we show that(More)
Glucocorticoid hormones are potent antiinflammatory drugs. A key mechanism in the antiinflammatory action is repression of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) signaling pathway. This results in transcriptional repression of inflammatory genes controlled by NF-kappaB, including the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). We have investigated(More)
Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is used as a clinical marker to detect hepatic damage and hepatoxicity. Two isoforms of ALT have been identified, ALT1 and ALT2, which have identical enzymatic capacities and are detected simultaneously in human serum/plasma using classical clinical chemical assays. Differences exist in the expression patterns of the(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) signalling influences the response of the cell to a number of other signals via a mechanism referred to as 'cross-talk'. This cross-talk may act at several levels, including an interaction between the transcription factors involved in the signalling pathways. In the present paper, we demonstrate a novel functional interaction between GC(More)