Inga Yu. Rauschenbach

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The activity of tyrosine decarboxylase (TDC) and dopa decarboxylase (DDC) was studied in adults of two lines of Drosophila virilis,contrasting in their reaction to stress conditions. Differences were found in the activity of both enzymes between individuals of the examined lines. Genetic analysis of these differences was made. Each of the two enzymes was(More)
From analysis of the properties of the “pupal” esterase (p-esterase) in Drosophila virilis, it is concluded that it is heat stable, its electrophoretic detection depends on culture density, its expression is stage specific, and it is not a variant of esterase 2. It was also demonstrated that p-esterase, like esterase 6, is activated by injections of the(More)
dFOXO transcription factor is a component of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling pathway in Drosophila. Juvenile hormone negatively regulates dFOXO gene expression. In the present work, the effect of hypomorphic dFOXO mutation on juvenile hormone metabolism under normal and stressing conditions and on D. melanogaster female resistance to(More)
The heat-shock response was studied in Drosophila virilis strains with normal and impaired neurohormonal stress reaction. Flies from the latter strain were shown to have the impaired heat-shock response. In this strain, transcription of the heat shock gene hsp83 is reduced and synthesis of all heat shock proteins is suppressed. The neurohormonal stress(More)
The influence of suppression of the expression of the Drosophila insulin-like receptor gene (InR) in corpus allatum (the gland-synthesizing juvenile hormone) on octopamine (OA) and juvenile hormone metabolism and on the development of the stress-reaction in Drosophila melanogaster females was studied. It was demonstrated that the suppression of InR gene(More)
The effect of a decreased availability of the D1-like dopamine receptor (DopR) in Drosophila (caused by DopR antagonist added into food) on the juvenile hormone (JH) synthesis rate in young female D. melanogaster has been studied. The JH degradation rate and the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tyrosine decarboxylase (TDC) activities were used as indicators(More)
Being an insect gonadotropin, juvenile hormone (JH) controls the reproductive function in Drosophila females by regulating their sexual behavior, pheromone synthesis, and vitellogenesis [1–4]. During the latter, yolk protein protein synthesis in adult flies is triggered by a combination of JH and 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), whereas in ovarian follicular(More)
The heat-resistant subline 147S was obtained in Drosophila virilis by selecting for viability individuals of heat-sensitive stock 147. It was shown that in the heat-treated 147S pupae the activity of juvenile hormone (JH)-esterase is decreased and, consequently, the titer of juvenile hormone is increased compared with those in the control pupae. These(More)
The content of JH-esterase was assayed by radial immunodiffusion in Drosophila virilis pupae under normal conditions and under the effects of extreme factors. It was found that JH-esterase content is the same (not different from the control) in pupae showing a high activity of the enzyme and in those not showing it. These data are evidence for a gene(More)
Juvenile hormone hydrolysis, tyrosine decarboxylase activity, dopamine content and fitness (viability and fertility) were studied under normal and stress conditions in the adults of Drosophila melanogaster inactive strain carrying a mutation that decreases tyrosine decarboxylase activity and results in the lower contents of tyramine and octopamine. A sexual(More)