Inga Wessels

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SUMMARY Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) induces the expression of a variety of proteins responsible for acute inflammation and chronic inflammatory diseases. However, the molecular regulation of IL-1beta expression in myeloid differentiation has not been elucidated. In this study the chromatin structure of the IL-1beta promoter and the impact of methylation on(More)
SCOPE Zinc is an essential trace element, regulating immune function. Its deficiency results in immune dysfunction and transplant rejection. In here, a benefit of zinc supplementation for the induction of tolerance was investigated, focusing on the TH 1-dominated allogeneic immune reaction. METHODS AND RESULTS Allogeneic immune reaction was modeled by(More)
In recent years, the role of zinc in biological systems has been a subject of intense research. Despite wide increase in our knowledge and understanding of zinc homeostasis, numerous questions remain to be answered, encouraging further research. In particular, the quantification of intracellular zinc ions and fluctuation, as well as the function of zinc in(More)
The distribution of intracellular zinc, predominantly regulated through zinc transporters and zinc binding proteins, is required to support an efficient immune response. Epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation are involved in the expression of these genes. In demethylation experiments using 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (AZA) increased intracellular (after(More)
Integrity of the immune system is particularly dependent on the availability of zinc. Recent data suggest that zinc is involved in the development of sepsis, a life-threatening systemic inflammation with high death rates, but with limited therapeutic options. Altered cell zinc transport mechanisms could contribute to the inflammatory effects of sepsis.(More)
The deprivation of zinc, caused by malnutrition or as a consequence of aging or disease, strongly affects immune cell functions, causing higher frequency of infections. Among other effects, an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and proinflammatory cytokines has been observed in zinc-deficient patients, but the underlying mechanisms were(More)
All immune cells are affected by aging, contributing to the high susceptibility to infections and increased mortality observed in the elderly. The effect of aging on cells of the adaptive immune system is well documented. In contrast, knowledge concerning age-related defects of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) is limited. During the past decade, it has(More)
36 Integrity of the immune system is particularly dependent on the availability of zinc. 37 Recent data suggest that zinc is involved in the development of sepsis, a life 38 threatening systemic inflammation with high death rates, but with limited therapeutic 39 options. Altered cell zinc transport mechanisms could contribute to the inflammatory 40 effects(More)
Zinc homeostasis is crucial for an adequate function of the immune system. Zinc deficiency as well as zinc excess result in severe disturbances in immune cell numbers and activities, which can result in increased susceptibility to infections and development of especially inflammatory diseases. This review focuses on the role of zinc in regulating(More)
It was investigated whether retinoic acid (RA) and the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1beta, IL-6, and TNFalpha influence the intracellular distribution of retinoic acid receptors (RAR) and retinoid X receptors (RXR) in Schwann cells. This question arose because nuclear translocation of RARalpha, RXRalpha, and RXRbeta was observed after nerve injury, and(More)