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OBJECTIVE Increased protein intake and resistance exercise can be beneficial for maintenance of lean body mass (LBM) in older adults. However, these factors could also negatively affect renal function. We investigated changes in renal function after a 12-wk resistance exercise program combined with protein supplementation in community dwelling older adults.(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate global, regional (21 regions) and national (187 countries) sodium intakes in adults in 1990 and 2010. DESIGN Bayesian hierarchical modelling using all identifiable primary sources. DATA SOURCES AND ELIGIBILITY We searched and obtained published and unpublished data from 142 surveys of 24 h urinary sodium and 103 of dietary sodium(More)
Weight loss and subsequent body weight maintenance are difficult for obese individuals despite the wide variety of dietary regimens and approaches. A substantial body of scientific evidence has shown that by simply varying the macronutrient distribution and composition of dietary factors, weight losses of varying amounts, longer-term body weight maintenance(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate effects of growth and food intake in infancy on iron status at the age of 12 months in a population with high birth weight and high frequency of breast-feeding. DESIGN In a longitudinal observational study infants' consumption and growth were recorded. Weighed 2 day food records at the ages of 6, 9 and 12 months were used to(More)
BACKGROUND Omega-3 fatty acids may prevent type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD). We investigated these fatty acids in Nordic cow's milk and whether their supply from milk associates with type 2 diabetes prevalence and CHD mortality in the Nordic countries. METHODS Samples (N = 84) of consumers' milk were collected in five Nordic countries four(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM As the prevalence of overweight and obesity increases, the risk of insulin resistance rises. The aim was to study the association between anthropometric measurements and fasting insulin concentration in a population-based sample of 9- and 15-year-old children and adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS Subjects were randomly selected 9- and(More)
BACKGROUND Overweight and obesity are increasing in young adults. However, moderate energy restriction aimed at lowering body weight may promote bone turnover and bone loss. Inclusion of fish or fish oils in a weight-loss diet may attenuate these adverse skeletal effects. OBJECTIVE We examined the effects of incorporating fish or fish oil into an(More)
AIM To examine the association between iron status at 1 and 6 years with development at 6 years. METHODS In a longitudinal study of children (n = 77), iron status was measured at 1 and 6 years and the Icelandic Developmental Inventory, which evaluates children's motor and verbal development, was filled in by mothers near the children's sixth birthday. (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a short screening sheet (SSM) for malnutrition and to investigate the nutritional status of patients receiving chemotherapy for cancer of the lungs, colon or breast at an outpatient clinic. DESIGN Full nutritional assessment was conducted to define malnutrition and validate the SSM. Additionally, weight change from earlier healthy(More)
Little is known about the mediating effects of the determinants of fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in school-based interventions that promote FV intake, and few studies have examined the impact of the degree of implementation on the effects of an intervention. The present study examined whether the degree of implementation of an intervention had an effect(More)