Inga Herpfer

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In behavioural screens, mice lacking functional NK1 receptors (NK1-/-) resemble wildtypes (NK1+/+) that have been given an antianxiety/antidepressant drug. Most, if not all, antidepressants increase noradrenergic transmission in the brain. Here, we have used in vivo microdialysis to compare the concentrations of extracellular noradrenaline ('efflux') in the(More)
Psychosocial stress has been shown to induce inflammatory reactions, followed by the release of immunosuppressive glucocorticoids. This may be mediated by catecholamines or other stress reactive substances such as neuropeptides or cytokines. We here set out to explore the effects of acute psychosocial stress on plasma levels of substance P (SP), a possible(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that substance P (SP) and its receptor (neurokinin [NK]-1 receptor [NK1R]) might play an important role in the modulation of stress-related, affective and/or anxious behaviour. First, SP and NK1R are expressed in brain regions that are involved in stress, fear and affective response (e.g. amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus and(More)
The neuropeptide substance P (SP) has been found to be possibly involved in the etiology of affective and anxiety disorders. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this involvement are still poorly understood. In this study, we used macroarrays to investigate the differential gene expression profile induced by SP, particularly of genes which have been(More)
Associative long-term depression (LTD) in the hippocampus is a form of spike time-dependent synaptic plasticity that is induced by the asynchronous pairing of postsynaptic action potentials and EPSPs. Although metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) and postsynaptic Ca(2+) signaling have been suggested to mediate associative LTD, mechanisms are unclear(More)
There is evidence from human and animal studies that substance P (SP) is involved in the etiopathology of depression and anxiety. Furthermore, animal studies have shown effects of SP on memory. In a double-blind, randomized cross-over study, 13 healthy young men received SP (1.5 pmol/kg/min) or placebo (NaCl) intravenously over 90 min at two different days.(More)
Borna disease virus (BDV) infection in its predominant natural host – horses and sheep – leads to fatal meningoencephalomyelitis. The immune-mediated disease can also be induced experimentally in rats following intra- cerebral BDV infection. Despite a vigorous immune response, BDV persists in the central nervous system (CNS) in surviving rats. However,(More)
Some studies have demonstrated antidepressant activity of neurokinin-1-receptor antagonists (NK-1-RA) in major depressive disorder. However, the underlying mechanisms of this antidepressant effect are largely unknown. Preclinical studies in rats and mice have suggested that NK-1-RA do increase the neuronal release of serotonin (5-HT). This, however, seems(More)
The neuropeptide substance P (SP) and its receptor, the neurokinin receptor-1 (NK-1), have been associated with some aspects of the pathophysiology of depression. There is limited information available about the effects of antidepressant treatment on serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of SP. We measured serum levels of SP in 78 depressed(More)
Substance P (SP) is a neuropeptide which is widely distributed in the periphery and the central nervous system (CNS), where it is co-localised with other neurotransmitters such as serotonin or dopamine and where it acts as a neuromodulator. SP has been proposed to play a role in the aetiopathology of asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, emesis, psoriasis, as(More)