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A comparative study was performed of the processes of autolytic degradation of the cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe under conditions simulating the phase of cell death in microbial cultures: (1) during autolysis induced by oleic acid, which is the chemical analogue of factors d2 (autolysis autoinducer), (2) under the effect of(More)
Homogenous yeast (Endomycopsis sp. 20-9) glucoamylase was isolated from cultural medium. The homogeneity of the enzyme preparation is demonstrated by means of polyacrylamide gel disc electrophoresis, isofocusing and ultracentrifugation. Amino acid composition, molecular weight (53 000), sedimentation constant (4.3S) and isoelectric point (pI 3.80-3.82) of(More)
A method of purification of endo-( 1 → 4)-β-xylanase (endoxylanase; EC 3.2.1.8) from the culture liquid ofGeotrichum candidum 3C, grown for three days, is described. The enzyme, purified 23-fold, had a specific activity of 32.6 U per mg protein (yield, 14.4%). Endoxylanase was shown to be homogeneous by SDS-PAGE (molecular weight, 60 to 67 kDa). With(More)
The effect of amino acids (glutamic, aspartic, beta-alanine, phenylalanine, methionine) on the glucoamylase biosynthesis by Endomycopsis species 20-9 was studied. Monoaminodicarboxylic acids produced a stimulating effect on the glucoamylase synthesis. Their addition at optimal concentrations of 0.2 to 0.4% increased by 54--69% glucoamylase activity of(More)
Two chromatographic processes for purification of cyclodextringlucanotransferase (CGTase) from Bacillus sp. 1070 was carried out. The enzyme has been purified into 9.5 times on Butyl-Toyopearl and followed immobilized metal ion chromatography on Cu(II)-Iminodiacetic (IDA)-agarose. By the application of second purification scheme (chromatography on(More)
The effects of low (1 . 10(-4) M) and high (1 . 10(-3) M) concentrations of n-propanol, isobutanol and isoamylols on the kinetic behaviour of "biosynthetic" L-threonine dehydratase from brewer's yeast S. carlsbergensis 776 were studied. It was concluded that these alcohols control the activity of the first enzyme of the L-threonine biosynthetic pathway.
The production of celulases by a soil yeast belonging to the genus Trichosporon and by microscopic fungi of various systematic groups was studied. The yeast synthesized relatively small amounts of cellulases in contrast to microscopic fungi. The active culture producing cellulases was the fungus Trichoderma longibrachiatum 7-26.