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Corticosteroids, calcium ionophores and anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies kill mouse thymocytes incubated in vitro. Cell death is preceded by extensive DNA fragmentation into oligonucleosomal subunits. This type of cell death (apoptosis), which physiologically occurs in the intrathymic process of immune cell selection, is usually evaluated by either(More)
A new SH2-containing sequence, SHC, was isolated by screening cDNA libraries with SH2 representative DNA probes. The SHC cDNA is predicted to encode overlapping proteins of 46.8 and 51.7 kd that contain a single C-terminal SH2 domain, and an adjacent glycine/proline-rich motif with regions of homology with the alpha 1 chain of collagen, but no identifiable(More)
The mammalian SHC gene encodes three overlapping proteins which all contain a carboxy-terminal SH2 domain. Shc proteins are phosphorylated on tyrosine by a variety of receptor and cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases. Phosphorylated Shc proteins form a complex with the SH2-SH3 containing Grb2 protein which is implicated in the regulation of Ras, suggesting that Shc(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia is a clonal expansion of hematopoietic precursors blocked at the promyelocytic stage. The differentiation block can be reversed by retinoic acid, which induces blast maturation both in vitro and in vivo. Acute promyelocytic leukemia is characterized by a 15;17 chromosome translocation with breakpoints within the retinoic acid(More)
Experiments were performed to analyze the effect of the immunomodulating agent pidotimod ((R)-3-[(S)-(5-oxo-2-pyrrolidinyl) carbonyl]-thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid, PGT/1A, CAS 121808-62-6) on the mouse splenic proliferative response to Con-A and IL-2, natural killer (NK) cell activity and thymocyte apoptosis. The results indicate that in vivo treatment(More)
We have reported previously that among human prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP but not PC-3 cells undergo apoptosis after treatment with the protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine (STS). We have now further investigated this model to uncover the molecular mechanism causing resistance to STS-induced apoptosis in PC-3 cells. S-100 lysates of both cell lines(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukaemia is characterized by translocations that involve the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RAR alpha) locus on chromosome 17 and the PML locus on 15 or the PLZF locus on 11. The resulting abnormal translocation products encode for PML/RAR alpha or PLZF/RAR alpha fusion proteins. There is increasing experimental evidence that the(More)
Glucocorticoid hormones (GCH) induce apoptotic cell death in immature thymocytes through an active process, characterized by extensive DNA fragmentation into oligonucleosomal subunits. This requires macromolecular synthesis and is inhibited by interleukins (ILs). We performed experiments to analyse the possible effect of GCH on more differentiated(More)
Hypothyroidism may lead to secondary pseudoobstruction. We report a patient with intestinal symptoms from hypothyroidism in which previous conventional examinations were negative. Gastrointestinal manometry disclosed features of pseudoobstruction, and we discuss the importance of performing functional studies in selected cases, in as much as symptoms seemed(More)