Ines Lindner

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This paper proposes a theory for the gradual evolution of knowledge diffusion and growth over the very long run. A feedback mechanism between capital accumulation and the ease of knowledge diffusion explains a long epoch of (quasi-) stasis and an epoch of high growth linked by a gradual economic take-off. It is shown how the feedback mechanism can explain(More)
Type I hypersensitivity is characterized by the overreaction of the immune system against otherwise innocuous substances. It manifests as allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic asthma or atopic dermatitis if mast cells are activated in the respective organs. In case of systemic mast cell activation, life-threatening anaphylaxis may occur.(More)
L.S. Penrose was the first to propose a measure of voting power (which later came to be known as ‘the [absolute] Banzhaf (Bz) index’). His limit theorem—which is implicit in his booklet (1952) and for which he gave no rigorous proof—says that in simple weighted voting games (WVGs), if the number of voters increases indefinitely while the quota is pegged at(More)
Penrose's limit theorem (PLT, really a conjecture) states that the relative power measure of two voters tends asymptotically to their relative voting weight (number of votes). This property approximately holds in most of real life and in randomly generated WVGs for various measures of voting power. Lindner and Machover prove it for some special cases;(More)
We analyze the propensity to approve a random proposal of a large committee that makes decisions by weighted voting. The approach is a generalized version of James Coleman’s “power of a collectivity to act”. Throughout the paper it is assumed that the voters are of two kinds: a fixed (possibly empty) set of “major” (big) voters with fixed weights, and an(More)
This paper introduces the Small World model (Watts and Strogatz, Nature, 1998) into the theory of economic growth and investigates how increasing economic integration affects firm size and efficiency, norm enforcement, and aggregate economic performance. When economic integration is low and local connectivity is high, informal norms control entrepreneurial(More)
This paper proposes a new measure for a group’s ability to lead society to adopt their standard of behavior, which in particular takes account of the time the group takes to convince the whole society to adopt their position. This notion of a group’s power to initiate action is computed as the reciprocal of the resistance against it, which is in turn given(More)