Ines Lindner

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L.S. Penrose was the first to propose a measure of voting power (which later came to be known as 'the [absolute] Banzhaf (Bz) index'). His limit theorem—which is implicit in his booklet (1952) and for which he gave no rigorous proof—says that in simple weighted voting games (WVGs), if the number of voters increases indefinitely while the quota is pegged at(More)
Penrose's limit theorem (PLT, really a conjecture) states that the relative power measure of two voters tends asymptotically to their relative voting weight (number of votes). This property approximately holds in most of real life and in randomly generated WVGs for various measures of voting power. Lindner and Machover prove it for some special cases;(More)
We analyze the propensity to approve a random proposal of a large committee that makes decisions by weighted voting. The approach is a generalized version of James Coleman's " power of a collectivity to act ". Throughout the paper it is assumed that the voters are of two kinds: a fixed (possibly empty) set of " major " (big) voters with fixed weights, and(More)
BACKGROUND Type I hypersensitivity is characterized by the overreaction of the immune system against otherwise innocuous substances. It manifests as allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic asthma or atopic dermatitis if mast cells are activated in the respective organs. In case of systemic mast cell activation, life-threatening anaphylaxis may(More)
Duisenberg school of finance is a collaboration of the Dutch financial sector and universities, with the ambition to support innovative research and offer top quality academic education in core areas of finance. 1998) into the theory of economic growth and investigates how increasing economic integration affects firm size and efficiency, norm enforcement,(More)
for very helpful critics and suggestions. I also very much bene…tted from comments of the The Deutsche Forschungs-gemeinschaft (DFG) is gratefully acknowledged for …nancial support. Comments and suggestions are welcome! Abstract Observing a strong increase in over-indebted households, several Euro-pean countries identi…ed the need for a separate regulation(More)
We analyze maximal cartel prices in infinitely-repeated oligopoly models under leniency where fines are linked to illegal gains, as often outlined in existing antitrust regulation, and detection probabilities depend on the degree of collusion. We introduce cartel culture that describes how likely cartels persist after each conviction. Our analysis(More)