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BRAF V600 mutant circulating cell-free tumor DNA (BRAF V600mut ctDNA) could serve as a specific biomarker in patients with BRAF V600 mutant melanoma. We analyzed the value of BRAF V600mut ctDNA from plasma as a monitoring tool for advanced melanoma patients treated with BRAF/MEK inhibitors. Allele-specific quantitative PCR analysis for BRAF V600(More)
Small fragments of cell-free DNA that are shed by normal and tumor cells can be detected in the plasma of patients with advanced melanoma. Quantitative measurement of BRAF V600 mutant DNA within the cell-free DNA holds promise as a tumor-specific biomarker for diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring in patients with BRAF V600 mutant melanoma. Allele-specific(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are post-transcriptional modulators of gene expression which play important roles in tumorigenesis and cancer metastasis. Since they are often highly deregulated in various types of cancer, miRNAs may be effective treatment targets. miRNA profiling studies of melanoma have led to the identification of several tumor suppressor miRNAs. One(More)
BACKGROUND Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an emerging immunomodulating factor in cancer. IDO expression in tumour-negative sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) of patients with melanoma has a negative prognostic value. OBJECTIVES To analyse the expression pattern of IDO and associated immunological changes in corresponding primary melanomas (PMs), SLNs and(More)
Immune markers in the peripheral blood of melanoma patients could provide prognostic information. However, there is currently no consensus on which circulating cell types have more clinical impact. We therefore evaluated myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), dendritic cells (DC), cytotoxic T-cells and regulatory T-cells (Treg) in a series of blood(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the activity of ipilimumab (ipi)-based therapy after treatment failure with a BRAF inhibitor (BRAFi). Sixty-four patients with unresectable stage III or stage IV BRAF V600-mutant melanoma who were treated sequentially with a BRAFi and ipi-based therapy [ipi as monotherapy or ipi in combination with an autologous mRNA(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical significance of Koebner phenomenon (KP) in vitiligo with respect to disease activity and course is still debatable. Recently, a new classification was introduced for the assessment of KP. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the new assessment method for KP in clinical practice and to determine its clinical significance, both with respect to the(More)
IMPORTANCE Skin cancer is the most frequent cancer type. It remains unknown if and how screening programs can be organized in a cost-effective manner. OBJECTIVE To compare the 2 screening strategies of systematic total-body examination (TBE) and lesion-directed screening (LDS), with a focus on the participation rate, detection rate, anxiety, and cost. (More)
BACKGROUND Patients with BRAFV600-mutant melanoma benefit from treatment with the combination of BRAF and MEK inhibitors, but resistance and disease progression develops in most patients. Preclinical studies and case studies have indicated that acquired resistance to BRAF inhibition can be reversible. We aimed to assess the anti-tumour activity of(More)