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Activin A is a growth factor expressed in the endometrium, where it modulates tissue remodeling and enhances decidualization. The effects of activin A are counteracted by two binding proteins, namely follistatin and follistatin-like 3 (FSTL3). We have evaluated the effects of estrogen and progestin on the endometrial expression of activin betaA subunit,(More)
BACKGROUND Nodal is a growth factor of the transforming growth factor β superfamily that is expressed in high turnover tissues, such as the human endometrium, and in several malignancies. The effects of Nodal are modulated by the coreceptor Cripto and mediated by SMAD proteins. This study evaluated the gene and protein expression of Nodal, Cripto, total and(More)
This study is aimed at evaluating the potential to detect human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in amniotic fluid (AF) collected at delivery from 40 HIV-positive pregnant women. Thirty patients had a plasma viral load (VL) below 1,000 copies/mL at delivery. VL was positive in three AF samples. No significant association was found between the HIV-1 RNA in AF(More)
The vasoactive peptide angiotensin (Ang)-(1–7) has vasodilator, antifibrotic and antihypertrophic properties, but little is known about its regulation in the uterus. The aim of this study was to evaluate Ang-(1–7) and its receptor Mas expression throughout rat uterine tissues, in ovariectomized animals treated with estrogen alone or combined with progestin.(More)
STUDY QUESTION Do angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) levels in human ovarian follicular fluid (FF) correlate with the number and proportion of mature oocytes obtained for IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER The present study shows for the first time that Ang-(1-7) levels in human FF correlate with the proportion of mature oocytes collected upon ovarian stimulation for IVF. WHAT(More)
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