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AIMS AND BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to assess the clinical utility of circulating preoperative HER-2 extracellular domain p105 detected by enzyme immunoassay (ELISA), to compare the tissue expression of HER-2/neu determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC), to correlate prognostic factors including tumor size, nodal involvement, and hormone(More)
Evaluation of a radioimmunoassay for a new tumor marker, named CA 27.29, recently proposed for use in breast cancer patients, is reported in this study. After considering the analytical performance, the clinical study was directed to a control group of 66 apparently healthy subjects (Controls), a group of 25 women with benign breast disease (BBD) and a(More)
Despite the efforts of recent years, clinicians still lack reliable biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of clinical outcomes in breast cancer patients. Owing to the large number of people potentially involved in the management of this clinical problem, the search for noninvasive and repeatable laboratory assays has been intensive. Recently,(More)
In this study we have evaluated two new immunological parameters, soluble IL-2 receptor (s IL-2 R) and TNF, in 119 patients with female solid neoplasms (47 ovarian and 72 breast cancer). Our data demonstrate that both these markers have mean serum levels in cancer patients higher than in normal population, particularly in ovarian cases. Also the overall(More)
Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor with anticancer activity against a wide spectrum of cancers. It is currently approved for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, advanced renal cell carcinoma or progressive, locally advanced or metastatic differentiated thyroid carcinoma. In this review, we present a number of studies that(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between solitary plasmacytoma and multiple myeloma is still unclear, but they can be distinguished by their different clinical course. Indicators of disease activity and extension, and of a possible evolution to multiple myeloma, have not been identified as yet. METHODS Two cases of solitary plasmacytoma are described: one of(More)
Adipose tissue in addition to its ability to keep lipids is now recognized as a real organ with both metabolic and endocrine functions. Recent studies demonstrated that in obese animals is established a status of adipocyte hypoxia and in this hypoxic state interaction between adipocytes and stromal vascular cells contribute to tumor development and(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the study was to quantify the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene in the circulating DNA of patients with primary breast cancer (BC) and to test its correlation with clinical parameters of the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred and twenty-one BC patients, 30 patients with fibroadenoma (NBC) and 50 healthy(More)
We report our experience in the follow-up of 63 patients with advanced prostate adenocarcinoma. We used prostate-specific antigen and prostatic acid phosphatase in 27 patients; in 36 patients we evaluated osteocalcin and bone isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase, two markers of bone metabolism which seem to be good markers in the follow-up of patients with(More)