Learn More
Although promising results are achieved in ultrasound mediated drug delivery, its underlying biophysical mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Pore formation as well as endocytosis has been reported during ultrasound application. Due to the plethora of ultrasound settings used in literature, it is extremely difficult to draw conclusions on which mechanism is(More)
In the past two decades, research has underlined the potential of ultrasound and microbubbles to enhance drug delivery. However, there is less consensus on the biophysical and biological mechanisms leading to this enhanced delivery. Sonoporation, i.e. the formation of temporary pores in the cell membrane, as well as enhanced endocytosis is reported. Because(More)
To study charge-dependent interactions of nanoparticles (NPs) with biological media and NP uptake by cells, colloidal gold nanoparticles were modified with amphiphilic polymers to obtain NPs with identical physical properties except for the sign of the charge (negative/positive). This strategy enabled us to solely assess the influence of charge on the(More)
In the last years, research on ultrasound mediated drug delivery using microbubbles is vastly expanding. While some groups simply mix drugs and microbubbles (co-administration), other researchers have a major interest in the potential of drug-loaded microbubbles. However, today, little is known on the pros and cons of these two strategies. In this study we(More)
In a group of 58 dogs with proven pyometra, 10 bitches developed renal failure, combined with increased (p less than 0.01) urinary excretion of protein, glucose, gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (AP), amylase, lipase and casts. Thirty-two bitches without renal failure showed nevertheless signs of renal dysfunction as indicated by(More)
In 75 bitches with pyometra single urine samples were examined for gamma-glutamyl transferase (gamma-GT), protein, glucose, specific gravity, bacteria, red blood cells and white blood cells. Serum samples were examined for urea, creatinine, inorganic phosphate and gamma-GT. Biochemical findings were compared with the degree of illness (clinical signs).(More)
There is a great interest in delivering macromolecular agents into living cells for therapeutic purposes, such as siRNA for gene silencing. Although substantial effort has gone into designing nonviral nanocarriers for delivering macromolecules into cells, translocation of the therapeutic molecules from the endosomes after endocytosis into the cytoplasm(More)
Besides their use as contrast agents for ultrasound imaging, microbubbles are increasingly studied for a wide range of therapeutic applications. In particular, their ability to enhance the uptake of drugs through the permeabilization of tissues and cell membranes shows great promise. In order to fully understand the numerous paths by which bubbles can(More)
The serum amylase and the serum lipase activities determined simultaneously were normal in 92 bitches with pyometra (group A). To determine the usefulness of the information provided by the measurement of urinary amylase activity in pyometra dogs, the relation of serum and urinary amylase activity to urinary protein and serum lipase activity in paired serum(More)
Localized drug delivery and uptake can benefit from the combined action of ultrasound and microbubbles at a specific site. Some of the possible mechanisms suggested are vessel poration and/or cell poration, but the exact acoustic parameters that trigger those phenomena remain unknown. Ex vivo machine perfusion of human-sized organs is a technique that(More)