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Although the literature indicates that meditation has beneficial effects on several aspects of human functioning, few studies have specifically investigated the effects of meditation on various domains of attention. This study was conducted to examine the differences in various domains of attention between long-term concentrative meditators versus matched(More)
BACKGROUND The general consensus that cognitive abilities decline with advancing age is supported by several studies that have reported that older adults perform more poorly on multiple tests of cognitive performance as compared to younger adults. To date, preventive measures against this cognitive decline have been mainly focused on dietary, physical, and(More)
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is an acute necrotizing infection of the renal parenchyma, resulting in presence of gas within either in the collecting system or perinephric space. We herein report our experience with 5 cases of emphysematous pyelonephritis in 2 men and 3 women managed by broad spectrum antibiotics, supportive measures including hemodialysis(More)
The objective of the study was to highlight diagnostic dilemmas and suggest pointers toward early diagnosis of spontaneous rupture of urinary bladder based on case study of 2 patients diagnosed as a case of spontaneous rupture of urinary bladder. A 26-year-old man presented with painless progressive abdominal distension of 1-week duration. In absence of(More)
BACKGROUND Differences in social communication are commonly reported in autism spectrum condition (ASC). A recent theory attributes this to a reduced motivation to engage with others, that is, deficits in social motivation. However, there are currently few simple, direct, behavioural ways to test this claim. This study uses a new behavioural measure of(More)
Nephrobronchial fistula is a rare complication seen in association with renal infections, trauma or stone disease. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an infectious disease with a potential for fistulization to lung, skin, colon and other organs. We present a case of nephrolithiasis complicated by obstruction leading to pyonephrosis and(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity mainly in the form of autistic disorders, hyperkinetic disorders, depression, and anxiety disorders. There are very few reports of bipolar disorder in TSC. The authors present the case of a patient with TSC having bipolar disorder manifesting as manic as well as(More)
The recently proposed Social Motivation theory (Chevallier et al., Trends in cognitive sciences 16(4):231-239, 2012) suggests that social difficulties in Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC) might be caused by a difference in the motivation to engage with other people. Here we compared adolescents with (N = 31) and without (N = 37) ASC on the Choose-a-Movie(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol-dependent patients are traditionally believed to have insecure attachment styles, higher anger expression, and lower self-esteem. There is a need to study them together. AIM To understand the relationships amongst various of the socio-emotional factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty male patients with Alcohol dependence syndrome and 40(More)
Autistic traits are widely thought to operate along a continuum. A taxometric analysis of Adult Autism Spectrum Quotient data was conducted to test this assumption, finding little support but identifying a high severity taxon. To understand this further, latent class and latent profile models were estimated that indicated the presence of six distinct(More)