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Phospholipids from livers of carps (Cyprinus carpio L.) adapted to winter (5°C) and summer (25°C) temperatures were isolated, and the fatty acid composition of total phospholipids, as well as molecular species composition of diacyl phosphatidylcholines and ethanolamines, were determined. Order parameter of 5-doxyl stearic acid and steady-state fluorescence(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is one of the most important biologically active prostanoids found throughout the gastrointestinal tract. Despite the fact that PGE2 regulates many physiological functions of the gut including mucosal protection, gastrointestinal secretion and motility, it is implicated in the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and(More)
Gastrointestinal inflammation is mediated by the pro-inflammatory mediators interleukin-8 (IL-8) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2) ). PGE(2) binding and coupling through EP2/4 receptor subtypes on colonic epithelial cells stimulates cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and IL-8 production. Here we determined the mechanisms whereby PGE(2) regu-lates IL-8 in(More)
BACKGROUND 2-Hydroxyoleic acid is a synthetic fatty acid with potent anti-cancer activity which does not induce undesired side effects. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which this compound selectively kills human glioma cancer cells without killing normal cells is not fully understood. The present study was designed to determine the(More)
Blood, freshly collected from warm- and cold-acclimated carp, Cyprinus carpio L., was cooled to 5°C for 4h or warmed to 25°C for 4h, respectively, and the fluorescence anisotropy of washed red blood cells was recorded using the fluorescent dye 3-(p-(6-phenyl-1,3,5-hexatrienyl) phenyl propionic acid [DPH-PA] (which is restricted to the outer leaflet of the(More)
Schwann cells (SCs) are integral to peripheral nerve biology, contributing to saltatory conduction along axons, nerve and axon development, and axonal regeneration. SCs also provide a microenvironment favoring neural regeneration partially due to production of several neurotrophic factors. Dysfunction of SCs may also play an important role in the(More)
Microscopic colitis (MC) is comprised of two entities, lymphocytic (LC) and collagenous colitis. Up to 20% of patients with chronic diarrhea that have a normal appearing colonoscopy will be diagnosed with MC. Since MC was first described less than 40 years ago, little is known about the mechanisms involved in disease pathogenesis. Nonsteroidal(More)
Mammalian genome contains a wide variety of repetitive DNA sequences of relatively unknown function. We report a novel 227 bp simple repeat DNA (3.3 DNA) with a d{(GA)7A(AG)7} dinucleotide mirror repeat from the rat (Rattus norvegicus) genome. 3.3 DNA showed 75-85% homology with several eukaryotic mRNAs due to (GA/CU)n dinucleotide repeats by nBlast search(More)
The intestinal protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, almost nothing is known about the molecules secreted by the parasite that modulate host immune responses or epithelial barrier function in the colon. Herein, we describe the isolation and characterization of a cyclooxygenase(More)
Kupffer cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of liver diseases. During endotoxemia and alcohol-induced liver disease, tissue injury is preceded by an excessive release of cytokines by these macrophages. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is one of the key cytokines associated with liver injury. Pre-exposure of animals to TNF-alpha(More)