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Rice tungro is a viral disease seriously affecting rice production in South and Southeast Asia. Tungro is caused by the simultaneous infection in rice of Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV), a double-stranded DNA virus and Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV), a single-stranded RNA virus. To apply the concept of RNA-interference (RNAi) for the control of(More)
The nucleotide sequence of an infectious clone of rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) DNA has been determined. The circular genome has 8002 bp and one strand contains four open reading frames (ORFs). One ORF is potentially capable of encoding a protein of 24 kD (P24) and has no initiation (ATG) codon. The other three ORFs potentially encode proteins of 12(More)
INTRODUCTION Some Indoasian (IA) patients with established renal failure travel abroad for commercial kidney transplantation. We compared the 1-year outcomes of IA patients from one UK region who received overseas transplants with IA patients receiving local living donor (LD) kidney transplantation, deceased donor (DD) transplantation, and dialysis. (More)
Cloned DNA-B components, belonging to the bipartite begomoviruses Indian cassava mosaic virus (ICMV) and Sri Lankan cassava mosaic virus (SLCMV), family Geminiviridae, when co-inoculated along with previously cloned DNA-A components of the respective viruses onto the experimental host Nicotiana benthamiana, generated defective DNAs (def-DNA) ranging in size(More)
Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a technology that exploits an RNA-mediated antiviral defense mechanism and has been shown to be of great potential in plant reverse genetics. Circumvention of plant transformation, methodological simplicity, robustness, and speedy results makes VIGS an attractive alternative instrument in functional genomics, even in a(More)
Citrus yellow mosaic badna virus (CMBV), a member of the Family Caulimoviridae, Genus Badnavirus, is the causative agent of Citrus mosaic disease in India. Although the virus has been detected in several citrus species, only two full-length genomes, one each from Sweet orange and Rangpur lime, are available in publicly accessible databases. In order to(More)
Rice production is known to be severely affected by virus transmitting rice pests, brown planthopper (BPH) and green leafhopper (GLH) of the order hemiptera, feeding by phloem abstraction. ASAL, a novel lectin from leaves of garlic (Allium sativum) was previously demonstrated to be toxic towards hemipteran pests when administered in artificial diet as well(More)
Renal denervation (RDN) may lower blood pressure (BP); however, it is unclear whether medication changes may be confounding results. Furthermore, limited data exist on pattern of ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) response—particularly in those prescribed aldosterone antagonists at the time of RDN. We examined all patients treated with RDN for(More)
BACKGROUND Heparin-induced thrombocytopoenia (HIT) type II is an antibody-mediated, drug-induced thrombocytopenia which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several case reports and small series have described the occurrence of HIT type II in the haemodialysis population and the challenges associated with it. Some of these reports raise(More)
Rice tungro disease, caused by simultaneous infection of Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) and Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV), is an important cause of reduced rice harvests in South and Southeast Asia. Although various biological, serological and molecular techniques have been reported previously for the detection of RTBV and RTSV, a method that(More)