Indrani Bose

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Yeast cell walls are critical for maintaining cell integrity, particularly in the face of challenges such as growth in mammalian hosts. The pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans additionally anchors its polysaccharide capsule to the cell surface via alpha(1-3) glucan in the wall. Cryptococcal cells disrupted in their alpha glucan synthase gene were(More)
Few fungi are pathogenic to humans. Of these, Cryptococcus neoformans has emerged as an important cause of mortality in immunocompromised patients, especially those with AIDS. As a result, extensive research efforts have addressed the pathogenesis and virulence of this organism. C. neoformans is a basidiomycetous fungus that is ubiquitous in the(More)
Phenotypic heterogeneity in an isogenic, microbial population enables a subset of the population to persist under stress. In mycobacteria, stresses like nutrient and oxygen deprivation activate the stress response pathway involving the two-component system MprAB and the sigma factor, SigE. SigE in turn activates the expression of the stringent response(More)
The p53 protein is well-known for its tumour suppressor function. The p53-MDM2 negative feedback loop constitutes the core module of a network of regulatory interactions activated under cellular stress. In normal cells, the level of p53 proteins is kept low by MDM2, i.e. MDM2 negatively regulates the activity of p53. In the case of DNA damage, the(More)
Plants are capable of intelligent responses to complex environmental signals. Learning and memory play fundamental roles in such responses. Two simple models of plant memory are proposed based on the calcium-signalling system. The memory states correspond to steady state distributions of calcium ions. P.A.C.S. Nos.: 05.10.-a, 05.45.-a, 87.16.-b, 87.17.-d *(More)
Glycosyltransferases are specific enzymes that catalyse the transfer of monosaccharide moieties to biological substrates, including proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. These enzymes are present from prokaryotes to humans, and their glycoconjugate products are often vital for survival of the organism. Many glycosyltransferases found in fungal pathogens such(More)
A prominent feature of gene transcription regulatory networks is the presence in large numbers of motifs, i.e., patterns of interconnection, in the networks. One such motif is the feed forward loop (FFL) consisting of three genes X, Y and Z. The protein product x of X controls the synthesis of protein product y of Y. Proteins x and y jointly regulate the(More)
A common survival strategy of microorganisms subjected to stress involves the generation of phenotypic heterogeneity in the isogenic microbial population enabling a subset of the population to survive under stress. In a recent study, a mycobacterial population of M. smegmatis was shown to develop phenotypic heterogeneity under nutrient depletion. The(More)
A single gene, regulating its own expression via a positive feedback loop, constitutes a common motif in gene regulatory networks and signalling cascades. Recent experiments on the development of competence in the bacterial population B. subtilis show that the autoregulatory genetic module by itself can give rise to two types of cellular states. The states(More)