Indira Narayanan

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In 1990 world leaders assembled at the World Summit for Children made a commitment to " give every child a better future " and established 27 goals for improving children's health and well being by the year 2000. Progress toward those benchmarks will be the focus of the first special session of the United Nations General Assembly devoted to children, to be(More)
Supplementary formula feeds inhibited the protective effect of expressed raw and pasteurised human milk in 226 high-risk neonates in a randomised controlled trial. The infection rate in the group given pasteurised human milk and formula (33%) was significantly higher than the rates in the groups given raw human milk (10.5%), pasteurised human milk (14.3%),(More)
In a prospective controlled study the anti-infective properties of breast-milk were evaluated in 70 high-risk low-birth-weight infants. 32 babies (group I) were given fresh expressed breast-milk during the day and milk formula at night. 38 infants (group II) received only milk formula and served as controls. The two groups were matched for other factors(More)
II Mothers, newborns, and children are inseparably linked in life and in health care needs. In the past, maternal and child health policy and programmes tended to address the mother and child separately, resulting in gaps in care which especially affect newborn babies. How can these gaps be addressed, especially during birth and the first days of life, when(More)
BACKGROUND In 2013, an estimated 2.8 million newborns died and 2.7 million were stillborn. A much greater number suffer from long term impairment associated with preterm birth, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital anomalies, and perinatal or infectious causes. With the approaching deadline for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals(More)
Varying titres of secretory IgA antibodies to poliovirus type 1 were found previously in the milk of unvaccinated, lactating Pakistani mothers during two different years, reflecting the antigenic exposure on mucosal membranes. To study further the changes in the extent and the form of antigenic exposure reflected in the human milk, human milk samples from(More)
This is a working document. It has been prepared to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and to stimulate discussion. The findings, interpretations and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the policies or views of the United Nations Commission on Life-­‐Saving Commodities for Women and Children, or the(More)
Guidelines on optimal feeding of low birth-weight infants in low-and middle-income countries. Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to WHO Press through the WHO web site The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do(More)
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