Indira Narayanan

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BACKGROUND Each year approximately 10 million babies do not breathe immediately at birth, of which about 6 million require basic neonatal resuscitation. The major burden is in low-income settings, where health system capacity to provide neonatal resuscitation is inadequate. OBJECTIVE To systematically review the evidence for neonatal resuscitation(More)
This paper comprises 261 low birth weight infants who were divided into four groups with different feeding schedules. Group I--expressed human milk for all the feeds; Group II--human milk for half the feeds and the nursery formula for the rest; Group III--colostrum, 20 ml three times a day along with the nursery formula; and Group IV--control--only the(More)
In a prospective controlled study the anti-infective properties of breast-milk were evaluated in 70 high-risk low-birth-weight infants. 32 babies (group I) were given fresh expressed breast-milk during the day and milk formula at night. 38 infants (group II) received only milk formula and served as controls. The two groups were matched for other factors(More)
BACKGROUND Some neonatal units are introducing use of cup and traditional feeding devices for feeding young infants although they have been not been evaluated objectively. Hence this controlled trial of the use of the bottle, cup and a traditional feeding device ('paladai') was undertaken in neonates. METHOD The study comprised of 100 infants including(More)
Swaziland's prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programme is linked to maternal and newborn health (MNH) services, but is mainly focussed on HIV/AIDS. Existing MNH services are inadequate, especially postnatal care (PNC) of mothers and babies, with delayed postnatal visits occurring at 4-6 weeks after delivery. Fifty-seven percent of staff in(More)
Supplementary formula feeds inhibited the protective effect of expressed raw and pasteurised human milk in 226 high-risk neonates in a randomised controlled trial. The infection rate in the group given pasteurised human milk and formula (33%) was significantly higher than the rates in the groups given raw human milk (10.5%), pasteurised human milk (14.3%),(More)
While considerable work has been earned out on the in vitro analysis of anti-infective factors in human milk and their efficacy in experimental animals' 8 there have been very few clinical reports. " Studies have also been mainly carried out on infants who are able to suck directly from the breast, these being compared with bottle fed infants. i4 In an(More)