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PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen) is a sliding clamp that plays important roles during DNA replication and repair. In yeast, PCNA can be modified by either mono- or poly-ubiquitin or by addition of SUMO moieties. These different modifications direct the activity of PCNA toward alternative DNA transactions. In mammals, PCNA ubiquitination was(More)
The fragile X-related disorders result from expansion of a CGG/CCG microsatellite in the 5' UTR of the FMR1 gene. We have previously demonstrated that the MSH2/MSH3 complex, MutSβ, that is important for mismatch repair, is essential for almost all expansions in a mouse model of these disorders. Here we show that the MSH2/MSH6 complex, MutSα also contributes(More)
Expression of RAD51, a crucial player in homologous recombination (HR) and DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair, is dysregulated in human tumors, and can contribute to genomic instability and tumor progression. To further understand RAD51 regulation we functionally characterized a long non-coding (lnc) RNA, dubbed TODRA (Transcribed in the Opposite(More)
Elg1 and Srs2 are two proteins involved in maintaining genome stability in yeast. After DNA damage, the homotrimeric clamp PCNA, which provides stability and processivity to DNA polymerases and serves as a docking platform for DNA repair enzymes, undergoes modification by the ubiquitin-like molecule SUMO. PCNA SUMOylation helps recruit Srs2 and Elg1 to the(More)
ELG1 is a conserved gene uncovered in a number of genetic screens in yeast aimed at identifying factors important in the maintenance of genome stability. Elg1's activity prevents gross chromosomal rearrangements, maintains proper telomere length regulation, helps repairing DNA damage created by a number of genotoxins and participates in sister chromatid(More)
If you happen to find a suspicious cell, say, in your soup, you may recognize to what species it belongs simply by looking at its chromosome configuration (karyotype) under the microscope. This approach works because most cells of most organisms have a stable genome, and gross chromosomal rearrangements (GCRs) such as translocations, inversions, and(More)
Elg1 and Srs2 are two proteins involved in maintaining genome stability in yeast. After DNA damage, the homotrimeric clamp PCNA, which provides stability and processivity to DNA polymerases and serves as a docking platform for DNA repair enzymes, undergoes modification by the ubiquitin-like molecule SUMO. PCNA SUMOylation helps recruit Srs2 and Elg1 to the(More)
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