Ina S. Santos

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BACKGROUND Middle-income countries will need to drastically reduce neonatal deaths to achieve the Millennium Development Goal for child survival. The evolution of antenatal and perinatal care indicators in the Brazilian city of Pelotas from 1982 to 2004 provides a useful case study of potential challenges. METHODS We prospectively studied three birth(More)
BACKGROUND Rates of preterm birth are increasing worldwide and this increase is mostly due to infants born between 34 and 36 weeks of gestational age, the so-called "late preterm" births. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of late preterm birth over growth outcomes, assessed when children were 12 and 24 months old. METHODS In 2004, all births(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is associated with several upper gastrointestinal disorders. Local data on the epidemiology of the infection are scarce in Brazil. The purpose of this study is to measure the prevalence rate and to explore the associated factors among the adult population living in Pelotas, a southern Brazilian city. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in smoking during pregnancy over three decades (1982-2011). SETTING Population-based study in Pelotas City, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS All urban women giving birth in the city hospitals in 1982 (5909), 1993 (5223) and 2004 (4201), plus all urban and rural women delivering from January 2011 to April(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep problems in childhood have been found to be associated with memory and learning impairments, irritability, difficulties in mood modulation, attention and behavioral problems, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Short sleep duration has been found to be associated with overweight and obesity in childhood. This paper describes the protocol of a(More)
BACKGROUND We examined the associations between socioeconomic trajectories from birth to adulthood and gestational age and birth size in the next generation, using linked data from two population-based birth cohorts carried out in a Brazilian city. By comparing socioeconomic trajectories of mothers and fathers, we attempted to identify-specific effects of(More)
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