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For self-pollinating plants to reproduce, male and female organ development must be coordinated as flowers mature. The Arabidopsis transcription factors AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR 6 (ARF6) and ARF8 regulate this complex process by promoting petal expansion, stamen filament elongation, anther dehiscence, and gynoecium maturation, thereby ensuring that pollen(More)
Synthesis and Antibacterial Activity of Benzoylaminoacyl Penicillins and Related Compounds with and without Acylated Catechol Substituents. Syntheses of benzoyl, cinnamoyl, and benzoylhydrazido glyoxyloyl aminoacyl penicillins with and without acylated catechol substituents by condensation of corresponding acids or acylchlorides with ampicillin or(More)
When attacked by insects, plants release mixtures of volatile compounds that are beneficial for direct or indirect defense. Natural variation of volatile emissions frequently occurs between and within plant species, but knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanisms is limited. We investigated intraspecific differences of volatile emissions induced from(More)
A gene (nat) conferring resistance to the streptothricin antibiotic nourseothricin (Nc) was cloned from the producer Streptomyces noursei into Streptomyces lividans on the vector pIJ702 to form pNAT1. The nat gene was localized on a 1-kb SalI-MboI fragment, which also carries the nat promoter. Divergent promoter activity from the nat promoter region was(More)
Resistance to streptothricin was studied in bacteria with different resistance mechanisms. The laboratory-induced streptothricin-resistant mutant E. coli A19 Stcr 2/2/1 showed a high level of cross-resistance to aminoglycosides and other miscoding inducing antibiotics. In contrast, aminoglycosid-resistant E. coli strains with plasmid-determined(More)
The effect of streptothricin F on macromolecular syntheses in intact cells and cell-free protein synthesis of E. coli was studied. The results indicate that protein synthesis is the primary site of inhibition by streptothricin F in growing E. coli cells. Cell-free polypeptide synthesis from E. coli directed by poly (U) was inhibited, while poly (A) and poly(More)
Resistomycin preferentially inhibits RNA synthesis in comparison to DNA and protein synthesis in intact bacterial cells. Studies with cell-free systems have shown that the antibiotic interferes with DNA and RNA synthesis, while protein synthesis is inhibited to a much lesser extent. Detailed studies in cell-free systems indicate an interaction of(More)