InSung Kang

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The discharge characteristics of saccade-related neurons in the superior colliculi (SC) of trained cats were investigated in order to understand the involvement of the SC in dynamic control of saccades. In particular, two aspects of saccade-related collicular activity in relation to visually guided saccades were quantitatively analyzed: the bounded pattern(More)
Because human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) have profound immunomodulatory effects, many attempts have been made to use hMSCs in preclinical and clinical trials. For hMSCs to be used in therapy, a large population of hMSCs must be generated by in vitro expansion. However, the immunomodulatory changes following the in vitro expansion of hMSCs have not been(More)
The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is a highly specialized cell type located between the choroid and neural retina of the eye. RPE degeneration causes irreversible visual impairment, extending to blindness. Cell therapy has recently emerged as a potential therapeutic approach for retinal degeneration. MicroRNA-based differentiation of stem cells is a new(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) promote therapeutic angiogenesis to cure serious vascular disorders. However, their survival period and cytokine-secretory capacity are limited. Although hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) can accelerate the rate of angiogenesis, recombinant HGF is limited because of its very short half-life (<3-5 minutes). Thus, continuous(More)
For the application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as clinical therapeutics, the regulation of cellular aging is important to protect hMSCs from an age-associated decline in their function. In this study, we evaluated the effects of hypoxia on cellular senescence and the immunomodulatory abilities of hUCB-MSCs. Hypoxic-cultured hUCB-MSCs showed enhanced(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess unique immunomodulatory abilities. Many studies have elucidated the clinical efficacy and underlying mechanisms of MSCs in immune disorders. Although immunoregulatory factors, such as Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and their mechanisms of action on immune cells have been revealed, their effects on MSCs and regulation of their(More)
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