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The main purpose of this study is to show the sufficient control performance of semiactive tuned mass damper and to identify a suitable control method for semiactive tuned mass damper in structural vibration control. In this study, four control algorithms are considered: displacement based groundhook (DBG), velocity based groundhook (VBG), clipped optimal,(More)
An active modal-fuzzy control method using hydraulic actuators is presented for seismic response reduction. In the proposed control system, a new fuzzy controller designed in the modal space produces the desired active control force. This type controller has all advantages of the fuzzy control algorithm and modal approach. Since it is very difficult to(More)
During the outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N6 viruses in 2016 in South Korea, novel H5N8 viruses were also isolated from migratory birds. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the HA gene of these H5N8 viruses belonged to clade 2.3.4.4, similarly to recent H5Nx viruses, and originated from A/Brk/Korea/Gochang1/14(H5N8), a minor lineage(More)
Oocyte maturation and embryonic development are sensitive to DNA damage. Compared with somatic cells or oocytes, little is known about the response to DNA damage in early preimplantation embryos. In this study, we examined DNA damage checkpoints and DNA repair mechanisms in parthenogenetic preimplantation porcine embryos. We found that most of the(More)
Most aspheric surfaces have been tested by interferometer with some null correctors. This approach, however, often fails when there are many aspherical terms or test surface is very steep because it is not easy to design the conventional null lens or CGH (Computer Generated Hologram). On the other hand, 3-D profilometer can measure aspheric surfaces without(More)
Most aspheric mirrors have been tested by the null lens or computer-generated hologram method. This approach, however, requires that the shape of the surface be similar to the target shape; otherwise testing may not be possible or correct. The Hartmann test has an advantage in that it has a larger dynamic range than a general interferometer, which means(More)
Applicability of the cerebellar model articulation controller ~CMAC! to structural control is explored, and a training algorithm for the suppression of structural vibration is proposed. The training epochs and controlled responses by both the CMAC and the well-known multilayer neural network are compared in the numerical example. The dynamics of the(More)
In order to produce a dually effective vaccine against H9 and H5 avian influenza viruses that aligns with the DIVA (differentiating infected from vaccinated animals) strategy, we generated a chimeric H9/H5N2 recombinant vaccine that expressed the whole HA1 region of A/CK/Korea/04163/04 (H9N2) and the HA2 region of recent highly pathogenic avian influenza(More)
To detect the circulation of H7 avian influenza viruses, we characterized H7 viruses found in migratory birds and live poultry markets of South Korea from 2005 to 2014. Phylogenic analysis revealed that while all viruses clustered into the Eurasian-lineage of H7 avian viruses, at least 12 distinct genotypes were represented. Most H7 viruses contained at(More)
The SUN (Sad-1/UNC-84) and KASH (Klarsicht/ANC-1/Syne/homology) proteins constitute the linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton (LINC) complex on the nuclear envelope. To date, the SUN1/KASH5 complex is known to function as meiotic-specific factors. In this study, gene-silencing methods were used to explore the roles of SUN1 and KASH5 in mouse oocytes(More)