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The activities of brush border membrane-associated hydrolases such as alkaline phosphatase (Alkpase), aminopeptidase, dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV (DAP-IV), sucrase, lactase, and trehalase were studied in 14 different human colorectal cancer cell lines. The effect of sodium butyrate, a known differentiating agent, and cell growth on the activities of these(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The prevalence of gastric cancer and Helicobacter pylori infection is unacceptably high in Korea. This study was performed to evaluate the prevalence of atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) and to identify their risk factors with respect to H. pylori virulence factors, and environmental and host factors, in Korean(More)
The use of immunomodulating gene therapy in the treatment of malignant disease is under intensive investigation. In this study, we examined the potential of melanoma-derived granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to inhibit melanoma progression in a murine model. The HGH18 murine melanoma cell line was transfected with the murine GM-CSF(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The role of Helicobacter pylori in gastroesophageal reflux disease remains still controversial and the effect of the organism on severity of reflux esophagitis have been rarely issued. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between H. pylori infection and reflux esophagitis, and especially the severity of reflux(More)
Cytoplasmic presence of Hsp60, which is principally a nuclear gene-encoded mitochondrial chaperonin, has frequently been stated, but its role in intracellular signaling is largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that the cytosolic Hsp60 promotes the TNF-alpha-mediated activation of the IKK/NF-kappaB survival pathway via direct interaction with(More)
Cochinchina momordica seed is the dried ripe seed of Momordica cochinchinensis, a perennial vine. The antiulcer effect of an extract from cochinchina momordica seeds (SK-MS10) was evaluated in a rat model of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcers. Gastric ulcers were produced by subserosal injection of acetic acid. SK-MS10 (200 mg/kg) or vehicle was(More)
AIM To investigate the risk factors for Clostridium-difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) recurrence, and its relationship with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). METHODS Retrospective data of 125 consecutive hospitalized patients diagnosed with CDAD between January 2006 and December 2007 were collected by medical chart review. Collected data included patient(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a troublesome disease. Some strains of probiotics reportedly exert remarkable immunomodulatory effects, and so we designed a prospective double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical study to assess their effects in Korean adults with IBS. METHODS IBS patients who met Rome III criteria were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND About half of the world population is infected with H. pylori, but the transmission and the source of this infection are still unclear. Recently, dental plaque (DP) and saliva have been implicated as possible sources of H. pylori infection. This study was done to investigate the detection rates of H. pylori in the DP and saliva by use of PCR(More)
Intestinal metaplasia (IM) has been regarded as a premalignant condition. However, the pathogenesis of IM is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of CDX1 and CDX2 in the formation of IM and the progression to dysplasia and gastric cancer (GC). A total of 270 subjects included 90 with GC, dysplasia and age- and sex-matched(More)