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Micro-organisms may simultaneously encounter multiple stresses in their environment. To investigate the protection that several known Escherichia coli O157 : H7 acid-resistance systems might provide against both oxidative and acid stress, the addition of diamide, a membrane-permeable thiol-specific oxidizing agent, or hydrogen peroxide were used concurrent(More)
Antibiotics are used for disease therapeutic or preventative effects in humans and animals, as well as for enhanced feed conversion efficiency in livestock. Antibiotics can also cause undesirable effects in microbial populations, including selection for antibiotic resistance, enhanced pathogen invasion, and stimulation of horizontal gene transfer. Carbadox(More)
Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) was recently demonstrated to be an effective inducer of apoptosis in patients with relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) as well as in patients with APL in whom all-trans-retinoic acid and conventional chemotherapy failed. Chronic myelogenous leukemia cells are highly resistant to chemotherapeutic drugs. To determine if(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) responds to the catecholamine, norepinephrine by increasing bacterial growth and enhancing motility. In this study, iron with or without the siderophore, ferrioxamine E also enhanced bacterial motility. Iron-enhanced motility was growth-rate dependent, while norepinephrine-enhanced motility was(More)
The esterase-encoding gene, estA, was cloned from Acinetobacter lwoffii I6C-1 genomic DNA into Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) with plasmid vector pET-22b (pEM1). pEM1 has a 4.4-kb EcoRI insert that contained the complete estA gene. A 2.4-kb AvaI-SphI DNA fragment was subcloned (pEM3) and sequenced. estA gene encodes a protein of 366 amino acids (40,687 Da)(More)
In this study, a colorimetric whole-cell biosensor for cadmium (Cd) was designed using a genetically engineered red pigment producing bacterium, Deinococcus radiodurans. Based on the previous microarray data, putative promoter regions of highly Cd-inducible genes (DR_0070, DR_0659, DR_0745, and DR_2626) were screened and used for construction of lacZ(More)
SipB, one of the invasion proteins encoded in Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI-1), is known to be secreted outside the cell, where it functions as a translocon by assembling into a host-cell plasma membrane-integral structure. Here, we confirmed that wild-type SipB could be localized to the bacterial outer membrane, and further showed that its(More)
We have identified the cuiD gene in Salmonella enterica serova Typhimurium that codes for a putative multicopper oxidase. Expression of cuiD is induced by copper ion and its promoter/operator has sequence similarity to the promoters controlled by the transcriptional regulators of the MerR family. We also identified and isolated a gene from S. enterica(More)
Gram-negative bacteria, including Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, exploit type III secretion systems (T3SSs) through which virulence proteins are delivered into the host cytosol to reinforce invasive and replicative niches in their host. Although many secreted effector proteins and membrane-bound structural proteins in the T3SS have been(More)
Control of foodborne Salmonella within the farm-retail continuum is a complex issue since over 2500 serovars of Salmonella exist, the host range of Salmonella spp. varies greatly, and Salmonella is environmentally ubiquitous. To identify Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (Salmonella Typhimurium) genes important for pathogen survival, our research(More)